Rob M. van Dam

Learn More
Although diet and nutrition are widely believed to play an important part in the development of Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus, specific dietary factors have not been clearly defined. Much controversy exists about the relations between the amount and types of dietary fat and carbohydrate and the risk of diabetes. In this article, we(More)
Coffee contains several substances that may affect glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between habitual coffee consumption and the incidence of IFG, IGT and type 2 diabetes. We used cross-sectional and prospective data from the population-based Hoorn Study, which included Dutch men and women aged 50–74 years. An OGTT(More)
Coffee and tea consumption has been associated with a lower type 2 diabetes risk but little is known about how changes in coffee and tea consumption influence subsequent type 2 diabetes risk. We examined the associations between 4 year changes in coffee and tea consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in the subsequent 4 years. We prospectively followed(More)
Coffee has been linked to both beneficial and harmful health effects, but data on its relationship with cardiovascular disease and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes are sparse. This was a prospective cohort study including 7,170 women with diagnosed type 2 diabetes but free of cardiovascular disease or cancer at baseline. Coffee consumption was(More)
Results from ecological and migration studies indicate that a western lifestyle is associated with a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes. In recent years, there has been a rapid accumulation of data on lifestyle and risk for type 2 diabetes from studies on an individual level. This article gives an overview of the evidence for the effect of different(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate body size preference, body weight perception and their relationship with actual weight in two migrant groups of non-Western origin, Turks and Moroccans; additionally, to study the association between body size preference and acculturation. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Amsterdam, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
The risk of postoperative venous thromboembolic disease is as high as 30%, with an associated fatality risk of 1%. Therefore, prophylaxis is essential, but the optimal regimen remains controversial. This study was designed to systematically review and quantitatively summarize the impact of mechanical compression versus subcutaneous heparin on venous(More)
Recent prospective studies highlighted vitamin D deficiency as a significant risk factor for cardiovascular events, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear [1]. In their recent work among 650 Old Order Amish persons, Michos et al. have demonstrated that 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels are not associated with carotid intimamedia thickness (cIMT)(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have a major impact on human health. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several genetic loci that are associated with plasma levels of n-3 and n-6 PUFAs in primarily subjects of European ancestry. However, the relevance of these findings has not been evaluated extensively in other ethnic groups.(More)
1 Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 2 Epidemiology Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Development, Bethesda, Maryland 3 Departments of Epidemiology and Public Health and Medicine, Yong Loo Lin(More)