Rob J W Arts

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Epigenetic reprogramming of myeloid cells, also known as trained immunity, confers nonspecific protection from secondary infections. Using histone modification profiles of human monocytes trained with the Candida albicans cell wall constituent β-glucan, together with a genome-wide transcriptome, we identified the induced expression of genes involved in(More)
TREM-1 is an important signaling receptor expressed on neutrophils and monocytes that plays an important role in systemic infections. Here, we review the intracellular signaling pathways that mediate the immunological effects of TREM-1. Because of the absence of signaling motifs, TREM-1 constitutively associates with DAP12 for induction of intracellular(More)
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) is an activating receptor expressed on neutrophils and monocytes that amplifies inflammation induced by stimulation of pattern-recognition receptors. In this study, several lines of evidence are presented that TREM-1 interacts with the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) receptor complex, or is a component(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is associated with increased mortality. To prevent VAD, WHO recommends high-dose vitamin A supplementation (VAS) every 4-6 months for children aged between 6 months and 5 years of age in countries at risk of VAD. The policy is based on randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Recent(More)
Induction of trained immunity (innate immune memory) is mediated by activation of immune and metabolic pathways that result in epigenetic rewiring of cellular functional programs. Through network-level integration of transcriptomics and metabolomics data, we identify glycolysis, glutaminolysis, and the cholesterol synthesis pathway as indispensable for the(More)
The classical view that only adaptive immunity can build immunological memory has recently been challenged. Both in organisms lacking adaptive immunity as well as in mammals, the innate immune system can adapt to mount an increased resistance to reinfection, a de facto innate immune memory termed trained immunity. Recent studies have revealed that rewiring(More)
Epidemiologic studies suggest that VAS has long-lasting immunomodulatory effects. We hypothesized that ATRA inhibits inflammatory cytokines in a model of trained immunity in monocytes by inducing epigenetic reprogramming through histone modifications. We used an previously described in vitro model of trained immunity, in which adherent monocytes of healthy(More)
The acute phase of sepsis is characterized by a strong inflammatory reaction. At later stages in some patients, immunoparalysis may be encountered, which is associated with a poor outcome. By transcriptional and metabolic profiling of human patients with sepsis, we found that a shift from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis was an important(More)
An increasing body of evidence shows that the innate immune system has adaptive characteristics that involve a heterologous memory of past insults. Both experimental models and proof-of-principle clinical trials show that innate immune cells, such as monocytes, macrophages, and NK cells, can provide protection against certain infections in vaccination(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are key components of the tumor microenvironment in non-medullary thyroid cancer (TC), the most common endocrine malignancy. However, little is known regarding the regulation of their function in TC. Transcriptome analysis in a model of TC-induced macrophages identified increased inflammatory characteristics and rewiring(More)