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1. Complementary DNAs for the ATP-gated ion channel subunits P2X1 (from human bladder) and P2X2 (from rat phaeochromocytoma (PC12) cells) were used to express the receptors in human embryonic kidney cells by stable transfection, and in Chinese hamster ovary cells by viral infection. 2. Membrane currents evoked by ATP were recorded by the whole-cell patch(More)
P2X1 receptors for ATP are ligand-gated cation channels, present on many excitable cells including vas deferens smooth muscle cells. A substantial component of the contractile response of the vas deferens to sympathetic nerve stimulation, which propels sperm into the ejaculate, is mediated through P2X receptors. Here we show that male fertility is reduced(More)
1. P2X receptor activation by alpha,beta-meATP evoked inward currents in acutely dissociated rat mesenteric artery smooth muscle cells and contractions of whole artery rings. 2. The selective P2X1 and P2X3 receptor antagonist TNP-ATP inhibited P2X receptor mediated inward currents in response to 3 microM alpha,beta-meATP (an approximately EC90(More)
1. We have used subtype selective P2X receptor antibodies to determine the expression of P2X(1 - 7) receptor subunits in the mouse urinary bladder. In addition we have compared P2X receptor mediated responses in normal and P2X(1) receptor deficient mice to determine the contribution of the P2X(1) receptor to the mouse bladder smooth muscle P2X receptor(More)
Human monocytes induced with adherent IgG secrete an interleukin-1 receptor antagonist which could be important for the in vivo regulation of IL-1 activity. A complementary DNA for this molecule has been isolated from a human monocyte library. Analysis of monocyte RNA indicates that the gene is transcriptionally regulated. The sequence of the receptor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activation of P2X receptors on macrophages is an important stimulus for cytokine release. This study seeks evidence for functional expression of P2X receptors in macrophages that had been only minimally activated. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Whole-cell recordings were made from macrophages isolated 2-6 h before by lavage from mouse(More)
Extracellular ATP exerts its effects through P2 purinoceptors: these are ligand-gated ion channels (P2x) or G-protein-coupled receptors (P2Y, P2U). ATP at P2x receptors mediates synaptic transmission between neurons and from neurons to smooth muscle, being responsible, for example, for sympathetic vasoconstriction in small arteries and arterioles. We have(More)
In addition to its diverse functions inside cells, ATP can act at several types of cell-surface receptor. One of these (P2X-purinoceptor) is believed to be a ligand-gated cation channel. The presence of P2X receptors on autonomic, sensory and central neurons suggests that ATP might be released to act as a fast excitatory synaptic transmitter. Here we record(More)
Using cell surface biotinylation and Western blotting, we investigated the extent to which native P2X(1) receptors in rat vas deferens are internalised after exposure to agonist. Exposure to 100 microM alpha,beta-meATP 30 min prior and during a 10 min biotinylation period resulted in a approximately 50% reduction in the amount of biotinylated P2X(1)(More)
1. The nature of the transmitter mediating vasoconstriction of guinea-pig submucosal arterioles following sympathetic nerve stimulation was studied. 2. Prazosin (0.1 microM) abolished the response to exogenously applied phenylephrine (1 microM) but had no effect on constrictions of submucosal arterioles evoked by nerve stimulation (100 pulses at 10 Hz). 3.(More)