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The ability of 51 compounds, of known carcinogenic potential, to induce "unscheduled DNA synthesis" in HeLa cells has been tested in the presence or absence of a rat liver mixed-function oxidase preparation. Chemicals tested included those giving erroneous results in bacterial mutagenicity assays as well as representative compounds from various classes of(More)
The levels of aflatoxin B(1)-DNA and aflatoxin B(1)-albumin adducts were investigated by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in humans and rats following exposure to a known, dietary relevant amount of carbon-14 labeled aflatoxin B(1) ([(14)C]AFB(1)). The aims of the study were to: (a) investigate the dose-dependent formation of DNA and protein adducts at(More)
Lung cancer is the most common cancer in men in the United Kingdom and the second most common in women, accounting for between 25 and 40% of all cancer deaths. Cigarette smoking is widely accepted as the major cause of lung cancer and linear relationships have been established between the number of cigarettes smoked and lung cancer risk. Although(More)
SUMMARY A reduction in the survival of Salmonella typhimurium TA 1530 was observed when the bacteria were incubated with aflatoxin B¡, rat liver microsomes, and a reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-generating system. The lethality appeared to depend on the formation of a metabolite of aflatoxin B] by a mixed-function oxygenase system. The(More)
Twenty-eight transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder, grade 2 or 3, were analyzed for the presence of p53 mutations. Thirteen tumors were found to contain 14 mutations. These were all base substitution mutations, of which nine were GC-->AT transitions (three at CpG sites). The remaining five mutations were transversions (three GC-->CG, one GC-->TA, and(More)
This study was aimed to establish whether tamoxifen binds irreversibly to uterine DNA when given to women. Patients were given a single therapeutic dose of [(14)C]tamoxifen citrate orally (20 mg, 0.37 or 1.85 MBq) approximately 18 h prior to hysterectomy or breast surgery. Nonmalignant uterine tissue was separated into myometrium and endometrium. DNA and(More)
Ixabepilone (BMS-247550) is a semi-synthetic, microtubule stabilizing epothilone B analogue which is more potent than taxanes and has displayed activity in taxane-resistant patients. The human plasma pharmacokinetics of ixabepilone have been described. However, the excretory pathways and contribution of metabolism to ixabepilone elimination have not been(More)
Thirteen of 28 patients (46%) with grade 2-3 multifocal transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder were found to have p53 mutations using DNA sequence analysis. These were subsequently utilized as tumor-specific biomarkers. Analysis of 17 episodes of recurrence from five of the patients revealed that all but one carried the identical mutation to the(More)
Although the aflatoxins were discovered more than 30 years ago, there is still considerable controversy surrounding their human health effects. Most countries have introduced legislation to control the level of aflatoxins in food, but it is not known if these permitted levels still pose a significant cancer risk. Furthermore, it is unlikely that all the(More)