Rizwan S Akhtar

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Neuronal cell death is a key feature of both normal nervous system development and neuropathological conditions. The Bcl-2 family, via its regulation of both caspase-dependent and caspase-independent cell death pathways, is uniquely positioned to critically control neuronal cell survival. Targeted gene disruptions of specific bcl-2 family members and the(More)
Neural precursor cells (NPCs) are highly sensitive to genotoxic injury, which triggers activation of the intrinsic mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway. This pathway is typically initiated by members of the BH3 (Bcl-2 homology 3)-only subgroup of the Bcl-2 (B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2) protein family, which are positioned upstream in the apoptotic pathway to(More)
Quantum dot (QD) conjugates have many immunohistochemical applications. The optical, excitation/emission, and photostable properties of QDs offer several advantages over the use of chromogens or organic fluorophores in these applications. Here, we describe the use of QD conjugates to detect primary antibody binding in fixed tissue sections. We also describe(More)
Neural precursor cells (NPCs) are markedly sensitive to apoptotic insults. p53-dependent transcriptional activation of proapoptotic genes has been hypothesized to regulate NPC death in response to DNA damage. Recent studies of non-NPCs have also indicated that p53 may directly interact with Bcl-2 molecules and thereby regulate death independently of(More)
Conventional immunofluorescence detection of biologically relevant proteins and antigens in tissue sections is often limited by relatively weak signals that fade rapidly on illumination. We have developed an immunohistochemical protocol that combines the sensitivity of tyramide signal amplification with the photostability of quantum dots to overcome these(More)
Members of the Bcl-2 family include pro- and antiapoptotic proteins that regulate programmed cell death of developing tissues and death in response to cellular damage. In developing mice, the antiapoptotic Bcl-x(L) is necessary for survival of neural and hematopoietic cells, and consequently, bcl-x-deficient mice die around Day 13.5 of embryogenesis.(More)
The prodeath effects of p53 are typically mediated via its transcriptional upregulation of proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members, including PUMA, Noxa, and/or Bax. We previously reported that staurosporine (STS), a broad-spectrum kinase inhibitor and prototypical apoptosis-inducing agent, produced p53-dependent, Bax-dependent, neural precursor cell (NPC)(More)
Regulation of cerebellar neural precursor cell (NPC) death is important for both normal brain development and prevention of brain tumor formation. The tumor suppressor p53 is an important regulator of NPC apoptosis, but the precise mechanism of p53-regulated cerebellar NPC death remains largely unknown. Here, by using primary cerebellar NPCs and a mouse(More)
The objective of the study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of anti-EMA antibody in comparison to histopathological findings in patients suspected of CD. This cross-sectional study was conducted at Gastroenterology Department, Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore, from March to October 2014. One hundred and twenty-one patients aged between 5 - 60 years(More)
Of 210 children 164 (78%) had diarrhoea due to E.coli infection. The common enteropathogenic serotypes in 71 cases were 0111: K58 (36.6%) and 0125:K70 (25.4%). Enteropathogenic strains of E.coli were sensitive to Ampicillin (84.5%), Amoxil (73.2%) and Ampiclox (54.9%) (JPMA 36: 14, 1986). INTRODUCTION Diarrhoea is a common disease of infants and children(More)