Riya Christina Menezes

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The karyotype of Rodentolepis nana obtained from mice in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was described. The diploid chromosome number obtained by the division of embryonic cells was 2n = 12. The first and the third pairs presented subterminal centromeres and the other pairs were all acrocentric. The studied species differed in chromosome morphology when compared to(More)
Phenylphenalenones, polycyclic aromatic natural products from some monocotyledonous plants, are known as phytoalexins in banana (Musa spp.). In this study, (1) H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics along with liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry were used to explore the chemical responses of the susceptible 'Williams' and the(More)
Phytochemical investigation of root cultures of Xiphidium caeruleum (Haemodoraceae) resulted in the structure elucidation of five previously undescribed phenylphenalenone-type compounds, structure revision of a phenylphenalenone glucoside, and identification of nine additional constituents previously reported from other Haemodoraceae and Musaceae plants.(More)
Microbial competition for territory and resources is inevitable in habitats with overlap between niches of different species or strains. In fungi, competition is brought about by antagonistic mycelial interactions which alter mycelial morphology, metabolic processes, secondary metabolite release, and extracellular enzyme patterns. Until now, we were not(More)
Xiphidium caeruleum (Haemodoraceae) flower organs such as carpels, pedicels, petals, and stamens were separately investigated for their phytochemical profile. The stamens appeared to be a rich source of previously undescribed phenylbenzoisoquinolindiones, a group of phenylphenalenone-derived alkaloids, also named aza-phenylphenalenones. Nine previously(More)
The aliphatic nitroalkene (E)-1-nitropentadec-1-ene (NPD), reported in early seventies in soldiers of the termite genus Prorhinotermes, was the first documented nitro compound produced by insects. Yet, its biosynthetic origin has long remained unknown. Here, we investigated in detail the biosynthesis of NPD in P. simplex soldiers. First, we track the(More)
The banana epidermis and in particular their stomata are conducive sites for the penetration of pathogenic fungi which can severely limit global banana production. The red pseudostem of the ornamental banana Musa acuminata ssp. zebrina cv. 'Rowe Red' was used to study the chemical constituents of the epidermal cell layer using matrix-free laser(More)
Gossypol is a polyphenolic secondary metabolite produced by cotton plants, which is toxic to many organisms. Gossypol's aldehyde groups are especially reactive, forming Schiff bases with amino acids of proteins and cross-linking them, inhibiting enzyme activities and contributing to toxicity. Very little is known about gossypol's mode of action and its(More)
The historical processes underlying high diversity in tropical biodiversity hotspots like the Western Ghats of Peninsular India remain poorly understood. We sampled bush frogs on 13 massifs across the Western Ghats Escarpment and examined the relative influence of Quaternary glaciations, ecological gradients and geological processes on the spatial patterns(More)
The interaction of two Sternorrhyncha species, the banana aphid (Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphididae, Aphidinae)), vector of the banana bunchy top virus (BBTV), and the latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae Signoret (Hemiptera: Diaspididae, Diaspidinae)) with Musa acuminata × balbisiana Colla (ABB Group) 'Bluggoe' (Musaceae) was(More)
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