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This paper describes manufacturing of economically affordable renal biopsy phantoms for radiology residents and practicing radiologists. We reconstructed a realistic 3-dimensional patient-specific kidney model from CT data, manufactured an organ mould and casted the kidney phantoms. Using gelatin gel materials with calibrated parameters allowed making(More)
The development of high fidelity, anthropomorphically shaped physical phantom organs has a great potential to benefit novel robotic surgical systems by acting as a pre-clinical test bed to validate robotic performance. We present a manufacturing process and methodology to create inexpensive, anatomically accurate kidney and liver phantom organs from gelatin(More)
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