Rivka Sharon

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The effect of ATP on the first step of excision repair of ultraviolet damage in DNA has been studied using toluene-treated E. coli. During postirradiation incubation, five to six times more single-strand breaks are formed in DNA in the presence of exogenous ATP than in its absence. The ATP-dependent as well as the ATP-independent endonucleolytic activities(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum cells, which are deficient in the repair of UV light-induced DNA damage, have been used to clone DNA-damage-inducible transcripts in human cells. The cDNA clone designated pC-5 hybridizes on RNA gel blots to a 1-kilobase transcript, which is moderately abundant in nontreated cells and whose synthesis is enhanced in human cells(More)
OBJECTIVES Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a major anti-fibrinolytic glycoprotein thought to promote vascular diseases. Recently we have shown that systemically injecting mice with kainate, an analog of the principal brain excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate, immediately induced PAI-1 mRNA in brain vascular cells which are not known to(More)
Diffracting crystals, suitable for X-ray crystallographic analysis, have been obtained from large (50 S) ribosomal subunits from Thermus thermophilus. These crystals, with P4(1)2(1)2 symmetry and a unit cell of 495 A x 495 A x 196 A, reach typically a size of 0.15 mm x 0.25 mm x 0.35 mm. Using synchrotron radiation at cryo-temperature, these crystals(More)
We have tested human fetal fibroblasts for development associated changes in DNA repair by utilizing nucleoid sedimentation as an assay for excision repair. Among skin fibroblasts the rate of excision repair was significantly higher in non-fetal cells than in fibroblasts derived from an 8 week fetus; this was evident by a delay in both the relaxation and(More)
In toluene-treated Escherichia coli incision breaks accumulate during post-irradiation incubation in the presence of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP). It is shown that incised deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is converted to high-molecular-weight DNA during reincubation in the presence of the four deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTP's) and nicotinamide(More)
Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is an aggressive, highly metastatic cancer with a strong tendency for chemotherapy resistance. Identification of proteins uniquely expressed in SCLC cells, can facilitate the development of new diagnostic tools, improve immunotherapy, and deepen our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of the disease. Here we describe(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2) specifically inhibits plasminogen activators, extracellular fibrinolytic serine proteases that are also implicated in brain plasticity and toxicity. Primarily localized intracellularly, PAI-2 is thought to also counteract apoptosis mediated by a currently undefined intracellular protease. Here we localized PAI-2(More)