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We examined the effect of aluminum on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during nitric oxide-blockade-induced chronic hypertension in rats. Animals were given the inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, l-NAME (N ω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester), for 4 wk to induce chronic hypertension. Two groups of rats were given an intraperitoneal injection(More)
The authors investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity and the activity of astrocytes during the Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) hypertension followed by angiotensin (ANG) II in rats. They measured the changes in the BBB permeability using the Evans blue (EB) dye and concomitantly in the levels(More)
Hypercholesterolemia and/or hypertension impair endothelial function in peripheral vasculature; however, their impact on endothelial cells of brain microvessels is unclear. We investigated the effects of hypercholesterolemia on the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the activity of astrocytes during N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(More)
Hypertension is closely associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Angiotensin II (ANG II) receptor antagonist losartan on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in L-NAME-induced hypertension and/or in ANG II-induced acute hypertension in normotensive and hypertensive rats. Systolic blood(More)
In this study, we examined the effects of magnesium sulfate administration on brain edema and blood-brain barrier breakdown after experimental traumatic brain injury in rats. Seventy-one adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized, and experimental closed head trauma was induced by allowing a 450-g weight to fall from a 2-m height onto a metallic disk(More)
Magnesium probably protects brain tissue against the effects of cerebral ischemia, brain injury and stroke through its actions as a calcium antagonist and inhibitor of excitatory amino acids. The effects of magnesium sulfate on cerebrovascular permeability to a dye, Evans blue, were studied during insulin-induced hypoglycemia with hypothermia in rats.(More)
This study examined the changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability following acute aluminum (Al) exposure during acute and chronic hyperglycemia in rats. Acute hyperglycemia was induced by intraperitoneal injection of glucose solution at 30 min after giving Al. Chronic hyperglycemia was made by an injection of alloxan monohydrate. BBB permeability(More)
We investigated the effects of lipopolysachharide (LPS) on functional and structural properties of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced epileptic seizures in rats. Arterial blood pressure was significantly elevated during epileptic seizures irrespective of LPS pretreatment. Plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-1, interleukin(More)
This study investigates the effects of levetiracetam (LEV) on the functional and structural properties of blood-brain barrier (BBB) in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled rats with cortical dysplasia (CD). Pregnant rats were exposed to 145 cGy of gamma-irradiation on embryonic day 17. In offsprings, kindling was induced by giving subconvulsive doses of PTZ(More)
Our previous publication has stressed the benefits of losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, on the permeability of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood pressure during L-NAME-induced hypertension. This study reports the impacts of anti-hypertensive treatment by losartan on the brain endothelial barrier function and the arterial blood pressure, during(More)