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We examined the effect of aluminum on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during nitric oxide-blockade-induced chronic hypertension in rats. Animals were given the inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, L-NAME (Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester), for 4 wk to induce chronic hypertension. Two groups of rats were given an intraperitoneal(More)
The authors investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity and the activity of astrocytes during the Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) hypertension followed by angiotensin (ANG) II in rats. They measured the changes in the BBB permeability using the Evans blue (EB) dye and concomitantly in the levels(More)
In this study, we examined the effects of magnesium sulfate administration on brain edema and blood-brain barrier breakdown after experimental traumatic brain injury in rats. Seventy-one adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized, and experimental closed head trauma was induced by allowing a 450-g weight to fall from a 2-m height onto a metallic disk(More)
Hypercholesterolemia and/or hypertension impair endothelial function in peripheral vasculature; however, their impact on endothelial cells of brain microvessels is unclear. We investigated the effects of hypercholesterolemia on the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the activity of astrocytes during N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(More)
Our previous publication has stressed the benefits of losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, on the permeability of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood pressure during L-NAME-induced hypertension. This study reports the impacts of anti-hypertensive treatment by losartan on the brain endothelial barrier function and the arterial blood pressure, during(More)
The study was performed to evaluate whether magnesium sulfate could alter the degree of disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) caused by hyperosmotic mannitol. Wistar adult female rats were infused with 25% mannitol into the left internal carotid artery. Each animal received intraperitoneally a 300 mg/kg loading dose of magnesium sulfate, dissolved in(More)
Recent studies suggest that 3-hydroxy-3 methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, statins, can have direct effects on blood vessels beyond their cholesterol-lowering effects. We investigated the effects of atorvastatin on the functional and structural properties of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the activity of astrocytes during the(More)
This study investigates the effects of levetiracetam (LEV) on the functional and structural properties of blood-brain barrier (BBB) in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled rats with cortical dysplasia (CD). Pregnant rats were exposed to 145 cGy of gamma-irradiation on embryonic day 17. In offsprings, kindling was induced by giving subconvulsive doses of PTZ(More)
Hypertension is closely associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Angiotensin II (ANG II) receptor antagonist losartan on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in L-NAME-induced hypertension and/or in ANG II-induced acute hypertension in normotensive and hypertensive rats. Systolic blood(More)
Cortical dysplasia (CD) is one of the major causes contributing to epileptogenesis associated with blood-brain-barrier (BBB) disturbances. The current study investigated the functional and ultrastructural changes of BBB in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled rats with CD. Pregnant rats on E17 were exposed to 145 cGy of gamma-irradiation and offspring were used(More)