Rivaze Kalayci

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In this study, we examined the effects of magnesium sulfate administration on brain edema and blood-brain barrier breakdown after experimental traumatic brain injury in rats. Seventy-one adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized, and experimental closed head trauma was induced by allowing a 450-g weight to fall from a 2-m height onto a metallic disk(More)
Hypercholesterolemia and/or hypertension impair endothelial function in peripheral vasculature; however, their impact on endothelial cells of brain microvessels is unclear. We investigated the effects of hypercholesterolemia on the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the activity of astrocytes during N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(More)
This study investigates the effects of levetiracetam (LEV) on the functional and structural properties of blood-brain barrier (BBB) in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled rats with cortical dysplasia (CD). Pregnant rats were exposed to 145 cGy of gamma-irradiation on embryonic day 17. In offsprings, kindling was induced by giving subconvulsive doses of PTZ(More)
We investigated the effects of lipopolysachharide (LPS) on functional and structural properties of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced epileptic seizures in rats. Arterial blood pressure was significantly elevated during epileptic seizures irrespective of LPS pretreatment. Plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-1, interleukin(More)
Recent studies suggest that 3-hydroxy-3 methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, statins, can have direct effects on blood vessels beyond their cholesterol-lowering effects. We investigated the effects of atorvastatin on the functional and structural properties of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the activity of astrocytes during the(More)
Cortical dysplasia (CD) is one of the major causes contributing to epileptogenesis associated with blood-brain-barrier (BBB) disturbances. The current study investigated the functional and ultrastructural changes of BBB in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled rats with CD. Pregnant rats on E17 were exposed to 145 cGy of gamma-irradiation and offspring were used(More)
The use of radiation to improve the efficacy of chemotherapy on malignant brain tumors is also known to cause side effects on vascular endothelial cells and astrocytes in normal parts of the brain. We investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the functional and structural properties of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the activity of astrocytes(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of hypothermia on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI) in chronically ethanol-treated rats. BBB permeability was measured using Evans blue (EB) dye. Arterial blood pressure levels of animals in hypothermic groups decreased significantly. The EB dye(More)
The authors investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity and the activity of astrocytes during the Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) hypertension followed by angiotensin (ANG) II in rats. They measured the changes in the BBB permeability using the Evans blue (EB) dye and concomitantly in the levels(More)
We investigated the effects of a cell-permeable superoxide dismutase mimetic, manganese(III) tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphyrin (MnTMPyP) on blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity following pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in experimental preeclampsia symptoms induced by N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) in pregnant rats. To show the(More)