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BACKGROUND Detailed reports on the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are scarce, particularly with regard to the utilization of antimoniate of N-methylglucamine. The aim of this study was to analyze the treatment of children admitted to a reference hospital, focusing in particular on the use of antimoniate of N-methylglucamine and on the supportive(More)
BACKGROUND In light of the increasing rate of dengue infections throughout the world despite vector-control measures, several dengue vaccine candidates are in development. METHODS In a phase 3 efficacy trial of a tetravalent dengue vaccine in five Latin American countries where dengue is endemic, we randomly assigned healthy children between the ages of 9(More)
The aim of this investigation was to know, from the discourse of Family Health Strategy nurses, what are the behaviors of the population in relation to dengue, to improve communication between professionals and the population. A qualitative study was conducted with nurses in the Family Health Strategy of six selected cities, and the data were analyzed by(More)
Thirty cases of histoplasmosis observed at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (HU-UFMS) from January 1998 to December 2005 are reported. Most (83.3%) of the patients were men, average 33.4 years old, 63.3% of them were born and living in Mato Grosso do Sul and 83.3% presented AIDS as an underlying disease. In almost all(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is characterized by parasite-specific immunosuppression besides an intense pro-inflammatory response. Lipopolisaccharide (LPS) has been implicated in the immune activation of T-cell deficient diseases such as HIV/AIDS and idiopathic lymphocytopenia. The source of LPS is gram-negative bacteria that enter the circulation(More)
In order to evaluate some aspects of the Chagas' disease on urban population of the 12 municipalities of the sanitarian district of Rio Verde, Mato Grosso do Sul state, on 1998 we carried out a serological survey investigating anti-T. cruzi IgG by indirect immunofluorescence on blood samples collected on filter paper of 14,709 resident persons, confirmed by(More)
During 1997 a large dengue epidemic occurred in Rio Grande do Norte, a State in north-east Brazil. The co-circulation of dengue virus type 1 and dengue virus type 2 was demonstrated by virus isolation in Aedes albopictus clone C6/36 cell-line and by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). IgM capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(More)
This prospective study, involving 76 pregnant women infected with HIV, paired with their 79 exposed infants, was carried out between May 1996 and October 2001, at the Reference Department for Pregnant Women Infected with HIV in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul. The mean age of the pregnant women was 24 years; 88% (67/76) apparently were infected due to(More)
Antimony-based medications continue to be the chosen drug for visceral leishmaniasis treatment in most countries. Pentavalent antimony compounds are highly effective but frequently have adverse reactions. Although toxic effects are almost always reversible, some of them can be severe. Clinical and laboratory data of 13 patients who developed severe adverse(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolic abnormalities (dyslipidaemia and insulin resistance) associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in AIDS patients, treated in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The patients were distributed in five different groups: Group 1, HIV-infected without antiretroviral therapy; Group 2,(More)