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STUDY OBJECTIVES Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), as measured by objective criteria, is infrequent in snoring children despite a high prevalence of EDS-related behavioral manifestations. We hypothesized that sleep architecture and arousal indexes may be altered relative to the severity of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). DESIGN Retrospective and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relative contribution of various risk factors to the surgical outcome of adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children. STUDY DESIGN Children (n = 110; mean age, 6.4 +/- 3.9 years) underwent two polysomnographic evaluations before and after adenotonsillectomy. In addition, 22 control children were(More)
OBJECTIVE Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is the leading cause for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children. The peak age for adenoid and tonsillar hypertrophy and related OSAS is 3-6 years. It has been suggested that OSAS due to ATH is extremely rare in infants. The purpose of the present study was to delineate OSAS due to ATH in infants. (More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Polysomnography is important in the evaluation of children and adolescents with sleep-disordered breathing. Adult criteria for obstructive sleep apnea have been shown to be inapplicable to children. Nevertheless, very little data are available regarding normal respiratory parameters during sleep in healthy children and adolescents. The(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are pro-inflammatory proteins and important risk factors for atherosclerosis. Plasma CRP levels in snoring children may or may not be elevated. Since obesity is prevalent among snoring children and is associated with elevated CRP levels, we aimed to investigate the relative contributions of sleep-disordered(More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in adults and in obese children. However, the prevalence of such metabolic abnormalities among snoring children is unknown. This study was done to prospectively assess the relative contribution of SDB and obesity to metabolic disturbances in a large cohort of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine whether childhood sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with elevated levels of plasma adhesion molecules. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING Sleep Medicine Center of Kosair Children's Hospital. PARTICIPANTS Thirty-nine children with SDB (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] > 5/h), 47 children with mild SDB(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major public health problem affecting approximately 2% to 3% of children. However, snoring, the cardinal symptom of OSA, affects at least 5-fold more children, such that evaluation by overnight polysomnography (ONP) is required for the diagnosis. ONP is laborious, expensive, and relatively unavailable to children.(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep disordered breathing in children is associated with severity-dependent increases in excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). TNF-alpha is an inflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in EDS. Since, at any given level of apnea-hypopnea index, there is significant variability in EDS, we hypothesized that morning tumor necrosis factor(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the normal range of nocturnal urinary excretion of the major melatonin metabolite, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (6SMT) in a large sample of healthy full-term infants (8 and 16 wk old) and assess whether the endogenous production of melatonin changes with season. 6SMT was assessed in urine samples extracted from(More)