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OBJECTIVE Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is the leading cause for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children. The peak age for adenoid and tonsillar hypertrophy and related OSAS is 3-6 years. It has been suggested that OSAS due to ATH is extremely rare in infants. The purpose of the present study was to delineate OSAS due to ATH in infants. (More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in adults and in obese children. However, the prevalence of such metabolic abnormalities among snoring children is unknown. This study was done to prospectively assess the relative contribution of SDB and obesity to metabolic disturbances in a large cohort of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Polysomnography is important in the evaluation of children and adolescents with sleep-disordered breathing. Adult criteria for obstructive sleep apnea have been shown to be inapplicable to children. Nevertheless, very little data are available regarding normal respiratory parameters during sleep in healthy children and adolescents. The(More)
This study investigated the relationships of the excretion of the melatonin metabolite, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin, to prenatal, natal, and postnatal variables and its possible relation to psychomotor development. nocturnal urinary excretion of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin was studied over a 13-hour period in 355 term infants at 8 weeks of age (n = 320) and 16 weeks of(More)
OBJECTIVE Behavioral insomnia and feeding difficulties are 2 prevalent conditions in healthy young children. Despite similarities in nature, etiology, prevalence, and age distribution, the association between these 2 common disorders in young children has not been examined thus far. PATIENTS AND METHODS Children aged 6 to 36 months with either behavioral(More)
The impact of obesity as a systemic low-grade inflammatory process has only partially been explored. To this effect, 704 community-based school-aged children (354 obese children and 350 age-, gender-, and ethnicity-matched controls) were recruited and underwent assessment of plasma levels of fasting insulin and glucose, lipids, and a variety of(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate (1) maternal cognitions regarding infant's sleep and feeding and maternal depression among mothers of children with behavioral insomnia, feeding disturbances and healthy controls, and (2) the association between maternal cognitions about sleep and those about feeding. METHODS Children 6-36 months of age with either behavioral(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep and feeding difficulties are two common disorders in early childhood. It has been shown that feeding difficulties are more common among children with sleep disorders and vice versa. Since a child's characteristics play a substantial role in these two conditions, we aimed to investigate the sensory profile of infants and toddlers with(More)
Pregnancy is associated with profound changes in sleep. Up to 75% of pregnant women experience some form of sleep disruption during pregnancy. The emerging data from recent years suggests that sleep disturbances may represent a novel contributor to adverse pregnancy outcomes and that sleep disorders during pregnancy may affect both maternal and fetal(More)
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