Ritva Tammivaara

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Twenty six hypoxaemic patients with severe and stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were treated with continuous domiciliary oxygen for a six month period. The patients were evaluated 1, 3 and 6 months after the start of oxygen therapy. In addition to blood gas analysis, 15 coping skills were evaluated by the patient and by the nurse, who(More)
Purified serum samples from asthmatic and psoriatic patients and healthy controls were analysed by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the amounts of leukotrienes were measured from the corresponding HPLC fractions by specific radioimmunoassays. In the serum of healthy controls the amounts of leukotrienes B4, C4 and D4 were very small or(More)
Twenty-one adult asthmatic patients participated in a trial to compare the clinical equivalence of a single dose of salbutamol inhaled either from a novel multiple dose powder inhaler (MDPI), Easyhaler, or from a conventional metered dose inhaler (MDI). The trial was carried out as a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. The study involved 2 study days(More)
The effect of oral terbutaline (controlled-release [CR] tablets) was compared with that of inhaled ipratropium bromide (aerosol) in 21 patients with nocturnal asthma. In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, the patients were treated with terbutaline CR 10 mg twice daily, ipratropium 40 micrograms four times daily, and the two drugs in combination.(More)
In 32 patients with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), pulmonary function, blood gases and the ventilatory response to CO2 (CO2 VR) were studied before and 6 months after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Nine of the SAS patients had airway obstruction (AO-SAS), defined as FEV1.0 < or = 72% of the predicted value. They had a significantly higher PaCO2, lower PaO2 and a(More)