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Small molecules with antioxidative properties have been implicated in amyloid disorders. Curcumin is the active ingredient present in turmeric and known for several biological and medicinal effects. Adequate evidence substantiates the importance of curcumin in Alzheimer's disease and recent evidence suggests its role in Prion and Parkinson's disease.(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex multifactorial disorder for which the pathobiology still remains elusive. Dysfunction of the dopamine D2 receptor signaling has been associated with the illness, but numerous studies provide confounding results. This study investigates the association of synonymous polymorphisms (His313 and Pro319) in the dopamine D2 receptor gene(More)
Neurodevelopmental and neuroimmunological genes critically regulate antipsychotic treatment outcome. We report genetic associations of antipsychotic response in 742 schizophrenia patients from Indian populations of Indo-European and Dravidian ancestry, segregated by disease severity. Meta-analysis comparing the two populations identified CCL2 [rs4795893: OR(More)
Dopaminergic system in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is known to regulate the cognitive functions. Catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT), one of the major modulators of prefrontal dopamine function, has emerged as an important determinant of schizophrenia associated cognitive dysfunction and response to antipsychotics. A common Val->Met polymorphism (rs4680)(More)
OBJECTIVE The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of transporters is known to efflux antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) primarily in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, liver, and kidneys. In addition, they are also known to be involved in estrogen disposition and may modulate seizure susceptibility and drug response. The objective of the present study was to(More)
PURPOSE Increasing evidence suggests that genetic variants from ABCC2 transporter may be associated with an altered response to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). However, the variability in the selective inclusion of genetic variants in different studies makes delineation of the causal variant/s difficult. Furthermore, the differences in the frequency(More)
BACKGROUND The first-line antiepileptic drugs, although affordable and effective in the control of seizures, are associated with adverse drug effects, and there is large interindividual variability in the appropriate dose at which patients respond favorably. This variability may partly be explained by functional consequences of genetic polymorphisms in the(More)
CYP2E1, CYP2A6 and CYP3A5 enzymes belong to phase I group of drug-metabolizing enzymes, which are involved in the metabolism of various compounds and xenobiotics. Presence of polymorphisms in the genes coding for these enzymes results in interindividual variations in drug metabolism, therapeutic response and susceptibility towards various diseases. The(More)
Information on the secondary structures and conformational manifestations of eukaryotic DNA and their biological significance with reference to gene regulation and expression is limited. The human beta-globin gene Locus Control Region (LCR), a dominant regulator of globin gene expression, is a contiguous piece of DNA with five tissue-specific DNase(More)