Rituparna Sengupta

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Proper activation of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) catalytic subunit is central for the complex PP2A regulation and is crucial for broad aspects of cellular function. The crystal structure of PP2A bound to PP2A phosphatase activator (PTPA) and ATPγS reveals that PTPA makes broad contacts with the structural elements surrounding the PP2A active site and the(More)
The catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac) is stabilized in a latent form by α4, a regulatory protein essential for cell survival and biogenesis of all PP2A complexes. Here we report the structure of α4 bound to the N-terminal fragment of PP2Ac. This structure suggests that α4 binding to the full-length PP2Ac requires local unfolding near the(More)
The TPsiC stem and loop (TSL) of tRNA contains highly conserved nucleoside modifications, m(5)C(49), T(54), Psi(55)and m(1)A(58). U(54)is methylated to m(5)U (T) by m(5)U(54)methyltransferase (RUMT); A(58)is methylated to m(1)A by m(1)A(58)tRNA methyltransferase (RAMT). RUMT recognizes and methylates a minimal TSL heptadecamer and RAMT has previously been(More)
The enzyme-catalyzed posttranscriptional modification of tRNA and the contributions of modified nucleosides to tRNA structure and function can be investigated with chemically synthesized domains of the tRNA molecule. Heptadecamer RNAs with and without modified nucleosides and DNAs designed as analogs to the anticodon and T stem/loop domains of yeast(More)
In vitro, replacing KCl with potassium glutamate (KGlu), the Escherichia coli cytoplasmic salt and osmolyte, stabilizes folded proteins and protein-nucleic acid complexes. To understand the chemical basis for these effects and rank Glu- in the Hofmeister anion series for protein unfolding, we quantify and interpret the strong stabilizing effect of KGlu on(More)
Although a few modifications are found in DNA, 93 modified nucleosides have been found in the various RNAs. For the most part, the chemistry and structure that modified nucleosides, individually and in combination, uniquely contribute to DNA or RNA function have yet to be explained. However, there are ten physicochemical contributions that can be attributed(More)
Potassium glutamate (KGlu) is the primary Escherichia coli cytoplasmic salt. After sudden osmotic upshift, cytoplasmic KGlu concentration increases, initially because of water efflux and subsequently by K+ transport and Glu- synthesis, allowing water uptake and resumption of growth at high osmolality. In vitro, KGlu ranks with Hofmeister salts KF and K2SO4(More)
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