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Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is one of the major environmental problems of Indian cities. Improper management of municipal solid waste (MSW) causes hazards to inhabitants. Various studies reveal that about 90% of MSW is disposed of unscientifically in open dumps and landfills, creating problems to public health and the environment. In the present(More)
Cadmium may induce oxidative damage in different tissues by enhancing peroxidation of membrane lipids and altering the antioxidant system of the cells. The peroxidative damage to the cell membrane may cause injury to cellular components due to the interaction of metal ions with the cell organelles. The treatment with Cd (0.4 mg/kg body wt, ip) significantly(More)
Mutations in the MYOC gene may lead to juvenile open-angle glaucoma with high intraocular pressure, and are detected in about 4% of people with adult onset glaucoma. Most of these mutations are found in the third exon of the gene encoding the olfactomedin-like domain located at the C terminus of the protein. Another olfactomedin-related protein, known as(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that interfere with translation of specific target mRNAs and thereby regulate diverse biological processes. Recent studies have suggested that miRNAs might have a role in osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. Here, we show that miR-542-3p, a well-characterized tumor suppressor whose downregulation is(More)
PURPOSE To characterize properties of Pdlim2, a novel PDZ and LIM domain-containing protein. METHODS cDNA encoding Pdlim2 was identified in a cDNA library of transcripts expressed in the tissues of the rat eye irido-corneal angle. The expression pattern of the Pdlim2 gene was studied by Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. Proteins(More)
Nitrosoamines such as N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) produce oxidative stress due to generation of reactive oxygen species and may alter antioxidant defence system in the tissues. NDEA was administered ip as a single dose to rats in LD50 or in lower amounts and the animals were sacrificed after 0-48 hr of treatment. The results showed that lipid peroxidation(More)
Activated T cell has a key role in the interaction between bone and immune system. T cells produce proinflammatory cytokines, including receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interleukin 17 (IL-17), all of which augment osteoclastogenesis. RANKL and TNF-α are targeted by inhibitors such as denosumab, a human(More)
Th17 cells produce IL-17, and the latter promotes bone loss in collagen-induced arthritis in mice. Blocking IL-17 action in mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis reduces disease symptoms. These observations suggest that Th17 cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of bone loss. However, the role of Th17 cell in estrogen (E2) deficiency-induced bone loss is(More)
We describe a manual method, well suited to mechanization, for quantitating serum uric acid at 500 nm. In the assay mixture (0.10 ml of sample and 3.00 ml of reagent) the hydrogen peroxide produced from uric acid by uricase is coupled with p-hydroxybenzoate and 4-aminoantipyrine in the presence of peroxidase to form a colored complex, which is measured. A(More)
Withania somnifera or Ashwagandha is a medicinal herb of Ayurveda. Though the extract and purified molecules, withanolides, from this plant have been shown to have different pharmacological activities, their effect on bone formation has not been studied. Here, we show that one of the withanolide, withaferin A (WFA) acts as a proteasomal inhibitor (PI) and(More)