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We have developed a rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive method for measuring the cellular protein content of adherent and suspension cultures in 96-well microtiter plates. The method is suitable for ordinary laboratory purposes and for very large-scale applications, such as the National Cancer Institute's disease-oriented in vitro anticancer-drug discovery(More)
BACKGROUND Underweight and overweight may affect reproduction and interfere with treatment of infertility. The purpose of this report is to describe the independent effect of body weight on treatment with IVF and ICSI. METHODS Records of 5019 IVF or ICSI treatments in 2660 couples were reviewed. The influence of body mass index (BMI) on treatment outcome(More)
BACKGROUND Experience with polycystic ovary syndrome shows that insulin resistance is related to early pregnancy loss. This association was examined by comparing pregnancy outcome in obese and lean women. METHODS A cohort of 383 patients conceiving after in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was studied. Ovarian(More)
Despite increasing numbers of women availing themselves of assisted reproductive technology (ART), effects on cancer risk remain unresolved. Given hormonal exposures, breast cancer risk is of particular concern. The aim of this study is to investigate breast cancer risk amongst women giving birth following ART as compared to that amongst women who gave(More)
We studied the in vitro response to insulin of granulosa-lutein cells derived from patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and clinically defined insulin resistance. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by continuous infusion of glucose with model assessment test (CIGMA). Insulin resistant (PCOS-IR; n = 8), noninsulin resistant (PCOS-NIR; n = 9) patients(More)
Metformin effectively restores insulin sensitivity in insulin-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We examined whether metformin, given prior to and during ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF), altered follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) requirement and increased the number of collected oocytes in these women. Seventeen(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate, using an embryo donation model, whether impaired oocyte/embryo developmental competence and/or changes in uterine milieu are responsible for the previously observed adverse effects of superovulation with gonadotrophins on implantation and fetal development in mice. Embryos from superovulated and non-stimulated(More)
The impact of insulin resistance on the outcome of IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) was examined. Insulin sensitivity was measured by the continuous infusion of glucose with model assessment (CIGMA) test. Insulin-resistant (n = 26) and non-insulin-resistant women (n = 30) with PCOS underwent a(More)
The effect of gonadotrophins on pre- and postimplantation development in mice was investigated by superovulating C57BL/6J/Bom females with pregnant mares' serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) or by inducing ovulation with hCG. In both hormone treated groups, the proportion of abnormal preimplantation embryos increased compared(More)
BACKGROUND Cells isolated from the periovulatory ovarian follicle are often used as a model of ovarian steroidogenesis and corpus luteum formation. The follicular fluid-derived cell (FFDC) population is, however, heterogeneous and in addition to granulosa-lutein cells, non-steroidogenic cells are also present. These non-steroidogenic cells, especially the(More)