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In recent years, there has been a prodigious expansion of knowledge about cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs). This isozyme superfamily has now become a major focus of drug discovery efforts owing to its diversity, molecular nature, differential regulation and expression in different cell types, and the range of biological functions. Inhibition of(More)
Eye lens alpha-crystallin is a member of the small heat shock protein (sHSP) family and forms large multimeric structures. Earlier studies have shown that it can act like a molecular chaperone and form a stable complex with partially unfolded proteins. We have observed that prior binding of the hydrophobic protein melittin to alpha-crystallin diminishes its(More)
In prokaryotes, alteration in gene expression was observed with the modification of DNA, especially DNA methylation. Such changes are inherited from generation to generation with no alterations in the DNA sequence and represent the epigenetic signal in prokaryotes. DNA methyltransferases are enzymes involved in DNA modification and thus in epigenetic(More)
Helicobacter pylori is an important human pathogen and one of the most successful chronic colonizers of the human body. H. pylori uses diverse mechanisms to modulate its interaction with the host in order to promote chronic infection and overcome host immune response. Restriction-modification genes are a major part of strain-specific genes present in H.(More)
Mxr1p (methanol expression regulator 1) functions as a key regulator of methanol metabolism in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. In this study, a recombinant Mxr1p protein containing the N-terminal zinc finger DNA binding domain was overexpressed and purified from E. coli cells and its ability to bind to promoter sequences of AOXI encoding alcohol(More)
BACKGROUND Neovascularization (angiogenesis) is a multistep process, controlled by opposing regulatory factors, which plays a crucial role in several ocular diseases. It often results in vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, neovascularization glaucoma and subsequent vision loss. Hypoxia is considered to be one of the key factors to trigger angiogenesis(More)
Correction Following publication of our article [1] it was noted that Figures five E and five G were the same as Figures six A and six B. Figure 1 in this correction article is the correct version of Figure six that should have been included in the original article [1]. Figure 1 RT-PCR and Western blot analysis of NFB. Total RNA and total protein were(More)
Phase variation (random ON/OFF switching) of gene expression is a common feature of host-adapted pathogenic bacteria. Phase variably expressed N(6)-adenine DNA methyltransferases (Mod) alter global methylation patterns resulting in changes in gene expression. These systems constitute phase variable regulons called phasevarions. Neisseria meningitidis(More)
Helicobacter pylori has a dynamic R-M (restriction-modification) system. It is capable of acquiring new R-M systems from the environment in the form of DNA released from other bacteria or other H. pylori strains. Random mutations in R-M genes can result in non-functional R-M systems or R-M systems with new properties. hpyAVIAM and hpyAVIBM are two solitary(More)
In this paper, we present a corpus based study of politeness across two languages-English and Hindi. It studies the politeness in a translated parallel corpus of Hindi and English and sees how politeness in a Hindi text is translated into English. We provide a detailed theoretical background in which the comparison is carried out, followed by a brief(More)