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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES It would be of considerable interest to clinicians if the burden of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in India were known. Herein, we estimate the burden of CPA following pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), and ABPA (and severe asthma with fungal sensitization [SAFS]) complicating(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effectiveness of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), and the factors predicting failure of NIPPV in acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) versus other causes of ARF. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a prospective observational study and all patients with ARF requiring(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Several studies have reported the performance of combining endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration with an echobronchoscope (EUS-B-FNA), with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA), for the diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Herein we report our initial experience with this technique. (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is classified radiologically based on the findings of central bronchiectasis (CB) and other radiologic features (ORF). However, the long-term clinical significance of these classifications remains unknown. We hypothesized that the immunological activity and outcomes of ABPA could be predicted(More)
AIM The efficiency of various investigations and diagnostic criteria used in diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) remain unknown, primarily because of the lack of a gold standard. Latent class analysis (LCA) can provide estimates of sensitivity and specificity in absence of gold standard. Herein, we report the performance of various(More)
The association between allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and aspergilloma has been proposed as a severe form of ABPA. However, this conclusion is based on single-patient case reports. In this study, we describe the clinical details and immunological findings of this association and compare patients of ABPA with aspergilloma and those without.(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem in India. Although several International guidelines for diagnosis and management of COPD are available, yet there are lot of gaps in recognition and management of COPD in India due to vast differences in availability and affordability of healthcare facilities across the country.(More)
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an insidious pulmonary disorder caused by hypersensitivity reactions mounted against Aspergillus fumigatus. Usually, complicating the course of patients with asthma and cystic fibrosis, the affliction has recently been described in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary tuberculosis-related(More)