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Estimation of Kullback-Leibler amount of information is a crucial part of deriving a statistical model selection procedure which i s based on likelihood principle like AIC. To discriminate nested models , we h a ve to estimate it up to the order of constant while the Kullback-Leibler information itself is of the order of the number of observations. A(More)
To determine how hippocampal location-selective discharges might influence downstream structures for navigation, nucleus accumbens neurons were recorded in rats alternating between two tasks guided respectively by lit cues in the maze or by extramaze room cues. Of 144 phasically active neurons, 80 showed significant behavioral correlates including(More)
To study how hippocampal output signals conveying spatial and other contextual information might be integrated in the nucleus accumbens, tonically active accumbens neurons were recorded in three unrestrained rats as they performed spatial orientation tasks on an elevated round rotatable platform with four identical reward boxes symmetrically placed around(More)
To study the relationship between brain representations and behaviour, we recorded hippocampal neuronal activity in rats repeatedly alternating between two different tasks on a circular platform with four reward boxes along the edge. In the beacon approach task, rewards were provided only at the pair of diametrically opposite boxes that was illuminated. In(More)
It is demonstrated through two case studies that a careful evaluation of the likelihood polynomial results in a more accurate localization of disease locus. The evaluation of the likelihood function as a polynomial enables more flexible exploration of the disease locus. Visualization by a contour plot of the function on a unit square of paternal and(More)
Seven diierent Japanese Yen interest rates recorded on a daily basis for the period from 1986 to 1992 are simultaneously analyzed. By introducing a new concept of short term trend", we decompose each i n terest rate series into three components, long term trend", short term trend" and irregular" by a two step lowess smoothing procedure. Furthermore, a(More)
BACKGROUND There have been few studies of the features of hair with aging and hair loss in Japanese women. OBJECTIVE Features of Japanese women's hair with aging and with progressing hair loss were investigated. METHODS Japanese women with hair loss (n=46) or with no or less hair loss (n=113), aged 14-68 years, were studied. Severity of hair loss was(More)
A stochastic model of swimming speed over the course of a male 200m freestyle swimming race is proposed. It builds on a dynamical model reflecting the trade-off between drag and propulsion in swimming. The parameters of the model are estimated from elapsed time data observed at several points along the pool. The model fits the data well and also provides a(More)
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