Learn More
ginning as a basis for more detaile.d conside.rati~ns ~ith specific types of compounds. SpecIal attentIon IS gIven to the interactions of organophosphates with cholinesterase and the ion permeability of insect nerve, areas of special interest to the author and of general importance. The author has sifted the literature into firm and tentative findings,(More)
During recent years many advances have been made in the development of insect control by genetic manipulation. These methods include the sterile-male technique, now well known, which depends on ionizing radiation or chemosterilization. The recent field experiment carried out by WHO in Rangoon, Burma, on Culex fatigans has demonstrated that naturally(More)
Between 1953 and 1956 the World Health Organization carried out a global survey of the susceptibility of body-lice to insecticides. A second survey was organized in 1958; this paper summarizes the results of susceptibility tests done in 22 countries over the period 1958-63.Resistance to DDT has been found in a number of countries. The LC(100) for resistant(More)
A questionnaire inquiring into the nature of schemes for the insecticidal control of disease vectors, the development of resistance in these vectors, and the effect of any such resistance on their control and on the extent of disease was sent to more than 100 health authorities throughout the world. The replies to the questionnaire are summarized in this(More)
During 1971 worldwide experiments on the disinsection of passenger cabins at "blocks away" (as the aircraft starts taxiing for take-off) were conducted in several types of jet aircraft. A procedure was developed whereby the high capacity Boeing 747 could be disinsected by four stewardesses in less than 1 minute. The favourable results of these and previous(More)
More than 1300 compounds have so far been included in the WHO Programme for Evaluating and Testing New Insecticides, which is designed to disclose compounds that may satisfactorily replace those to which insect vectors of disease have become resistant. The authors describe the successful passage of o-isopropoxyphenyl methylcarbamate (OMS-33) through the(More)
In Miami, Florida, USA, passenger compartments of jet aircraft were disinsected at "blocks away". An application of a 20 g/litre Freon-based or water-based permethrin formulation at 35 mg of aerosol per 100 m(3) was 100% effective against caged mosquitos and flies. The flammability hazard of the sprays from water-based hydrocarbon aerosols was evaluated.
Two Escherichia coli strains (B/M 369 and C-35) belonging to enteropathogenic serogroup O86 were isolated from patients with infantile diarrhea and studied with respect to their cellular adherence properties. Both strains exhibited adherence (Ad+) to HEp-2 and HeLa cell monolayers in vitro and expressed mannose-resistant hemagglutinating (MRHA+) activity(More)