Rita de Cassia Aleixo Tostes Passaglia

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Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)], exerts a variety of actions in the cardiovascular system, with an important effect being vasodilation. In this work, we investigated the relationship between the vasodilatory activity of Ang-(1-7) and the kallikrein-kinin system. Intravital microscopy was used to study the vasodilation caused by Ang-(1-7) in the mesenteric(More)
To investigate the venoconstrictor effect of angiotensin II (Ang II) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we used preparations of mesenteric venular beds and the circular muscle of the portal veins. Vessels were tested with Ang II in the presence or absence of losartan, PD 123319, HOE 140, L-NAME, indomethacin, or celecoxib. In the mesenteric venular(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of early and physiological menopause on cardiac autonomic parameters in aged female rats. To this end, female Wistar rats (22 and 82 weeks old, N=96) were divided into 4 groups: Young Sham-operated Rats, Aged Sham-operated Rats, Young Ovariectomised (OVX) Rats, and Aged OVX Rats. Young(More)
Abnormalities in vascular function are well recognized in diabetes. Hyperglycemia may be central to the pathogenesis of vascular dysfunction but is not certain whether improvements in glycaemic control will improve vascular function. The effects of metformin, an antidiabetic agent that improves insulin sensitivity and glycaemic control, on the microvascular(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that increased gap junctional communication contributes to the augmented endothelium-dependent vasodilation in pregnancy. Contractile force and connexin43 expression were measured in aortic rings from nonpregnant and pregnant rats. Norepinephrine-constricted aortas from pregnant rats were more sensitive to acetylcholine, but(More)
The interaction between angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) and bradykinin (BK) was determined in the mesentery of anesthetized Wistar alloxan-diabetic and non-diabetic rats using intravital microscopy. Impaired BK vasodilation observed in arterioles of diabetic rats was restored by acute and chronic insulin treatment as well as by enalapril. Though capable of(More)
The mechanisms of action involved in the vasorelaxant effect of gallic acid (GA) were examined in the isolated rat thoracic aorta. GA exerted a relaxant effect in the highest concentrations (0.4-10mM) in both endothelium-intact and endothelium-denuded aortic rings. Pre-incubation with L-NAME, ODQ, calmidazolium, TEA, 4-aminopyridine, and barium chloride(More)
The interaction between angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] and bradykinin (BK) was studied in the isolated mesenteric arteriolar bed of control and diabetic rats perfused with either 5.5 or 22 mM of glucose. Prostanoids release after the administration of BK, Ang-(1-7) and Ang-(1-7)+BK was also studied. In control and diabetic preparations perfused with Krebs(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and to characterize the relaxing effect of an extract of the bark of Combretum leprosum on isolated arterial rings from different animals. METHODS Rings (3 to 4mm) from rabbit, rat, or porcine arteries rings were suspended in an organ bath (Krebs, 37°C, 95%O2/5%CO2) to record isometric contractions. After the stabilization period (2(More)
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