Rita de Cássia Aleixo Tostes

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Epidemiological studies suggest that intrauterine undernutrition plays an important role in the development of arterial hypertension in adulthood. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) have antioxidant properties that could improve redox-sensitive vascular changes associated with hypertension. The authors determined whether vitamins C(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidemiological studies suggest that intrauterine undernutrition plays an important role in the development of arterial hypertension in adulthood. In an attempt to define the mechanisms whereby blood pressure may be raised, we have hypothesized that arteries from offspring of nutritionally restricted dams exhibit abnormalities in the endothelial(More)
We investigated whether angiotensin II infusion modulates in vivo the kinin B1 receptor expression and the mechanisms involved in this process. We also evaluated the role of the B1 receptor activation in aorta. Wistar rats received 400 ng/kg per minute of angiotensin II or saline (control rats) infusion during 14 days through an osmotic minipump. To(More)
We investigated the expression and localization of B1 receptor in tissues of rats submitted to a renin-dependent model of hypertension (2K-1C), and analyzed the influence of endogenous Ang II in modulating the in vivo expression of these receptors. B1 mRNA levels in the heart, kidney and thoracic aorta were quantified by real time PCR, B1 receptor protein(More)
OBJECTIVE Sexual dimorphism has been observed in arterial hypertension. Blood pressure levels are lower in female than in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a major role in the regulation of blood pressure. The aim of this study was to compare Ang II vascular reactivity and AT(1) and AT(2) receptor gene expression in(More)
Epidemiologic studies suggest that intrauterine undernutrition plays an important role in the development of arterial hypertension in adulthood. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether severe nutritional restriction during pregnancy can aggravate hypertension, vascular reactivity changes, and renal development in spontaneously hypertensive rat(More)
OBJECTIVE A large number of clinical and experimental studies supports the hypothesis that intrauterine undernutrition is an important determinant of hypertension, coronary heart disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes in the adult offspring. In this review, the renal and vascular repercussions of maternal undernutrition are emphasized, and the(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously reported that intrauterine undernutrition increased the oxidative stress by decreasing superoxide dismutase activity. In the present study, we tested whether NADPH oxidase, xanthine oxidase, cyclooxygenase or nitric oxide synthase are responsible for the increased O(2)(-) generation observed in rats submitted to intrauterine(More)
In studies conducted in vitro, it has been demonstrated that estrogen has an antioxidant potential that may contribute to its protective effects on the cardiovascular system. However, the antioxidant effect of estrogen in vivo has not been demonstrated. To address this issue, in this study the effects of estrogen on oxidative stress were evaluated in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study is aimed to explore whether gender plays a role in the generation of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) in microvessels of hypertensive rats (SHR), as well as the potential mechanisms involved in these effects. METHODS AND RESULTS NO generation in mesenteric arterioles was evaluated by measuring NO synthase (NOS)(More)