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BACKGROUND /st> In assessing a patient's risk for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), it is important to know which risk factors are independent predictors, and which factors are not relevant for predicting PONV. METHODS /st> We conducted a systematic review of prospective studies (n>500 patients) that applied multivariate logistic regression(More)
Hypovolaemia after overnight fasting is believed to exacerbate postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However, data on the efficacy of supplemental i.v. crystalloids for PONV prophylaxis are conflicting. We performed a literature search using CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science. We included prospective randomized controlled trials that(More)
Environmental cleaning and disinfection is essential for optimizing safe patient care in the OR; however, perioperative staff members have not had an easy-to-use, objective method for determining whether high-touch, potentially contaminated surfaces have been cleaned during terminal room cleaning. To address this issue, members of the Healthcare(More)
BACKGROUND There are few scientific reports documenting the effects of simulation training on learning. Issues of scientific validity challenge investigators who measure such outcomes. We perceived a failure of residents to change their technical management of oesophageal intubation after simulation training and sought clarification of this observation. (More)
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