Rita U Ostrovskaya

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The effects of the novel proline-containing nootropic and neuroprotective dipeptide, noopept (GVS-111, N-phenylacetyl-L-prolylglycine ethyl ester) were investigated in NMRI mice following olfactory bulbectomy. We have shown previously that these animals developed Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like behaviour, morphology and biochemistry including impairment of(More)
Testing in an elevated plus-maze revealed dose-dependent anxiolytic activity of piracetam analog cycloprolylglycine. Intraperitoneal injection of this agent (0.05 mg/kg) 9-fold prolonged the time spent in open arms compared to the control, without affecting the total motor activity. This effect was stereo-selective: D-enantiomer in doses of 0.05 and 0.1(More)
The neuroprotective activity of a novel N-acylprolyl-containing dipeptide analog of the nootropic 2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide (Piracetam) designated as GVS-111 (DVD-111/Noopept) was tested in two in vitro models of neuronal degeneration mediated by oxidative stress: normal human cortical neurons treated with H(2)O(2), and Down's syndrome (DS) cortical(More)
Local thrombosis of the frontal cortex (Fr1 and Fr3 fields), caused by combination of the intravenous photosensitive dye Rose Bengal administration with focused high-intensity illumination of the frontal bone, was shown to provoke a pronounced deficit in step-through passive avoidance performance in rats without concomitant motor disturbances.(More)
1. With the use of the two-microelectrode voltage-clamp method, three types of voltage-activated ionic currents were examined in isolated neurons of the snail Helix pomatia: high-threshold Ca2+ current (ICa), high-threshold Ca(2+)-dependent K+ current (IK(Ca)) and high-threshold K+ current independent of Ca2+ (IK(V)). 2. The effect of bath application of(More)
The present study investigated the potential benefit of the ethyl ester of N-phenylacetylprolylglycine (GVS-111) on the model of bilateral frontal lobectomy (BFL) in rats. The animals in Experiment 1 were trained in an active avoidance task and subsequently underwent BFL. The animals in Experiment 2 were first assessed in an open field and in a passive(More)
Argon anoxia and glucose deprivation were used for modeling of ischemic damage in the cultures of cerebellar granule cells. Protective effect of peptide piracetam analogue GVS-111 was demonstrated. GVS-111 prevented neurodegeneration induced by glutamate and oxidative stress. In contrast to GVS-111, piracetam did not attenuate neurocytotoxic effect of(More)
Application of nootropic agent Noopept on hippocampal slices from Wistar rats enhanced the inhibitory component of total current induced by stimulation of Shaffer collaterals in CA1 pyramidal neurons, but did not affect the excitatory component. A direct correlation between the increase in the amplitude of inhibitory current and agent concentration was(More)
The influence of compounds which reduce or potentiate GABA-ergic inhibition on the effect of analgesics of various structures was studied. The effect was estimated according to the analgesic activity (experiments in rats) and the suppression of the impulse summation in the central nervous system (experiments in rabbits). It was shown that GABA-negative(More)
The characteristics of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus of rats prenatally exposed to ethanol and treated postnatally with nootropic compounds L-pyroglutamyl-D-alanine-amide (L-pGlu-D-AlaNH2, PGA) or piracetam were studied using in vitro slice preparations. LTP was induced in the CA1 region by the orthodromic stimulation of the stratum(More)