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We present a PCR method targeting the 23S-5S internal transcribed spacer coupled with reverse line blotting that allows Rickettsia species detection and identification in a single step. The method is highly sensitive and specific in identifying Rickettsia species from both patient and environmental samples. The generic approach used allowed us to identify(More)
BACKGROUND We systematically reviewed infliximab benefit in reducing hospitalizations and/or major surgery rates in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS A literature search to May 2012 was performed to identify all studies (experimental and observational) evaluating patients with IBD treated with infliximab and providing data on(More)
Negative lenses, either in the form of glasses or contact lenses, can correct nearsightedness. Unlike contact lenses, glasses do not only correct, but also induce optic distortions. In the scientific literature, it has often been assumed that people who wear corrective glasses instantaneously account for these distortions when they put their glasses on. We(More)
Limited information on the presence of bacterial and hematozoan infections in parasitic arthropods from Spain is available. In an attempt to address this issue, the prevalence of Theileria, Babesia, Hepatozoon, and Rickettsia species was investigated by polymerase chain reaction plus sequencing. In a survey for zoonotic pathogens in ectoparasites, 42 wild(More)
When looking for a target with a different slant than all the other objects, the time needed is independent of the number of other objects. Surface slant can be inferred from the two-dimensional images on the retinas using various cues. The information from different cues is subsequently combined to get a single estimate of slant. Is information from the(More)
How do we know how far an object is? If an object's size is known, its retinal image size can be used to judge its distance. To some extent, the retinal image size of an unfamiliar object can also be used to judge its distance, because some object sizes are more likely than others. To examine whether assumptions about object size are used to judge distance,(More)
Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) have a wide range of clinical presentations, including dementia associated with white matter changes (WMCs). We report a case of DAVF presenting as a rapid progressive dementia and myoclonus without WMCs. A 64-year-old hypertensive and diabetic man was admitted because of a 3-month history of progressive cognitive(More)
The presence of a more distant object helps judge an object's position in depth. To find out why, we examined whether misjudging a distant cube's location induces a corresponding misjudgment of a nearer sphere's location. Various configurations of a distant cube and a near sphere were presented in total darkness. Each configuration was presented twice: in(More)
Retinal image size can be used to judge objects' distances because for any object one can assume that some sizes are more likely than others. It has been shown that an increased variability in the size of otherwise identical target objects over trials reduces the weight given to retinal image size as a distance cue. Here, we examined whether an increased(More)
An object's retinal image size is determined by a combination of its physical size and its distance, so judgments of an object's size and distance from its retinal image size are coupled. Since one does not have direct access to information about the object's physical size, people may make assumptions about how large it is likely to be. Here we investigated(More)