Rita Sabatini

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Notch signaling is involved in tumorigenesis, but its role in B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) pathogenesis is not completely defined. This study examined the expression and activation of Notch receptors in B-CLL cells and the role of Notch signaling in sustaining the survival of these cells. Our results show that B-CLL cells but not normal B cells(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a pathogen that has developed some strategies to resist host immune defenses. Because phagocytic killing is an important pathogenetic mechanism for bacteria, we investigated whether GBS induces apoptosis in murine macrophages. GBS type III strain COH31 r/s (GBS-III) first causes a defect in cell membrane permeability, then at(More)
A better understanding of apoptotic signaling in B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells may help to define new therapeutic strategies. This study investigated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling in spontaneous apoptosis of B-CLL cells and whether manipulating ER stress increases their apoptosis. Results show that a novel ER stress-triggered(More)
This study was undertaken to better understand the complex relationship between specific and non-specific host defence mechanisms and group B streptococci (GBS). A comprehensive kinetics analysis of cytokine mRNA expression was performed, by Northern blot assay, in peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) and spleen cells (SC) recovered from CD-1 mice at various(More)
Group B streptococci (GBS) are an important cause of neonatal sepsis, pneumonia and meningitis. In the early phase of infection, macrophages and polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) are the first immune cells that interact with GBS. In this in vitro study, to gain insight into GBS-macrophage interaction in the absence of type-specific antibodies, we examined the(More)
To improve our understanding of the role natural-immunity cells play in regulating the immune response to Candida albicans (CA) we compared local versus systemic effects of intraperitoneal inoculations with inactivated CA cells in mice. Peritoneal exudate cells (PECs) and spleen cells (SCs) were recovered from CD2F1 mice after 5 intraperitoneal CA(More)
It has been shown that lysosomes are involved in B cell apoptosis but lysosomal glycohydrolases have never been investigated during this event. In this study we determined the enzymatic activities of some lysosomal glycohydrolases in human tonsil B lymphocytes (TBL) undergoing in vitro spontaneous apoptosis. Fluorimetric methods were used to evaluate the(More)
Thiols are important molecules to control apoptosis. This study examined the effect of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) on in vitro spontaneous apoptosis of human tonsillar B lymphocytes (TBL). Results show that NAC inhibits TBL apoptosis and maintains their survival in vitro. The antiapoptotic action of NAC is progressively reduced when its addition to culture is(More)
Inactivated Candida albicans (CA) cells induce strong activation of natural cytotoxic effectors in mice. In the present study we examined the expression of cytokine genes involved in the immune response to CA. It has been reported that differential cytokine production by natural immune cells is important for regulating the development of specific TH(More)
Recent evidence suggests that after repeated stimulations with inactivated C. albicans (CA) cells, CD2F1 mice respond with a cytokine pattern typical of T-helper 1 (ThI) subset development. The purpose of this study was to analyse the sequence of immunological events which, soon after priming mice with CA, lead to the development of primary and anamnestic(More)