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BACKGROUND HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) is often managed without routine laboratory monitoring in Africa; however, the effect of this approach is unknown. This trial investigated whether routine toxicity and efficacy monitoring of HIV-infected patients receiving ART had an important long-term effect on clinical outcomes in Africa. METHODS In this(More)
Primary aldosteronism (PA) with synchronous carcinoid syndrome is extremely rare occurrence. In this article, we describe a case of PA due to adrenocortical adenoma ("aldosteronoma") and concurrent malignant carcinoid tumor of ileum. The patient was treated with synchronous right adrenalectomy and resection of the ileum. This case is an example of(More)
BACKGROUND Sardinia is a known high-risk area for multiple sclerosis (MS), but no data for south-western Sardinia (SWS) are available. SWS has a genetically homogeneous population, apart from St Peter Island, and represents a peculiar environment related to the industrial, mineralogical and military economy. OBJECTIVE To estimate prevalence and incidence(More)
UNLABELLED A pilot study has been carried out in order to verify the feasibility of scintigraphic driving for breast biopsy. A new high resolution (HR) gamma ray detector, the imaging probe (IP), and 99mTc [13Leu] Bombesin (99mTc BN), have been used to drive a mammotome biopsy needle after having fused radioisotope with digital X-ray images. IP is a mobile,(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND When removal of osteoid osteoma is performed with open biopsy, the surgeon can be guided by radioactivity of 99mTc-MDP (methylene D- phosphonate) acquired by a probe. MATERIAL AND METHODS We compared the performance of a commercially available ZnCdTe probe (Neoprobe 2000) and a one-square-inch-field-of-view imaging probe (IP) on two(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE A critical aspect of multiple sclerosis (MS) treatments is understanding the effect of disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) on the long-term risk of disability and whether the effect is related to disability at start of treatment. METHODS We performed an observational study on 3060 MS patients. The effect of therapy on progression to(More)
BACKGROUND The hypotensive peptide adrenomedullin was first isolated in extracts of human pheochromocytoma. There is, however, no information available on the behaviour of circulating adrenomedullin or on the correlation with catecholamines in patients with pheochromocytoma. OBJECTIVES 1) to investigate whether plasma adrenomedullin levels were changed in(More)
Epileptic nystagmus (EN) describes repetitive eye movements that result from seizure activity. We describe a patient with EN and vertigo first noted at the age of 4 yr and 10 mo. Brain MRI did not show anomalies. Ictal EEG recordings revealed epileptic activity during three episodes of horizontal, left-beating nystagmus not crossing the midline. Ictal(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate possible changes of plasma endothelin-1 levels (ET-1) in patients with hypertension secondary to primary aldosteronism and pheochromocytoma. We enrolled in the study: 12 patients affected by aldosterone-producing adenoma (5 M and 7 W; mean age 42.1 +/- 17.2 years); 8 patients with pheochromocytoma (5 M, 3 W; mean age(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been suggested that some atrial regions may play a role in the maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF), whereas little is known about the presence of critical areas for the initiation of AF. It is conceivable that the identification of such critical areas may lead to more localized and selective strategies of ablative therapy. METHODS(More)