Rita M. Turkall

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The aim of this study was to utilize pharmacokinetic techniques to assess the bioavailability of sandy or clay soil-adsorbed naphthalene vs chemical alone following dermal treatment of male rats. Animals were exposed to 43 micrograms total of 14C-naphthalene (pure or adsorbed to one of two soils) introduced into a shallow glass cap covering a 13-cm2 area on(More)
The potential for exposure to chemically contaminated soil is a concern for chemical industry and waste disposal site workers as well as for individuals living near the contamination site. Current assessment of potential health risks from these types of exposures relies almost exclusively on extrapolations from data derived with pure chemicals. Complex(More)
The dermal bioavailability of mercury "aged" in soil for 3 mo was compared to that of pure mercury (without soil) and to mercury in brief contact with soil (16 h). Studies were conducted in vitro with [203Hg]mercuric chloride on dermatomed male pig skin by flow-through diffusion cell methodology. Less than 0.5% of the initial mercury dose penetrated through(More)
Gender is known to play a role in the bioavailability, metabolism, and lethality of many toxic substances. This study was conducted to investigate the influence of gender on cocaine hepatotoxicity (CH) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) potentiation of CH. Male and female CF-1 mice were orally administered 20 mg/kg body weight cocaine hydrochloride once daily for(More)
The effect of a chemical mixture on the dermal penetration of arsenic or nickel was assessed by applying arsenic-73 or nickel-63 alone or with the chemical mixture to dermatomed male pig skin samples in flow-through diffusion cells. The chemical mixture consisted of chloroform, phenanthrene, and toluene for arsenic penetration studies and phenol, toluene,(More)
Assessment of health risk following exposure to chemically contaminated soil has primarily utilized results from studies conducted with pure chemicals. However, complex interactions with soil may alter the way in which a chemical subsequently interacts with the body. This study was conducted to determine if adsorption to either of two New Jersey soils(More)
The relationship was studied between the number of transferrin-receptor positive cells and in vitro uptake of67Ga and125I-labeled transferrin in human cell lines, including two normal cell lines (WI-38 and foreskin fibroblasts), two transformed cell lines (AV-3 amnionic cells and Chang liver cells), and two neoplastic cell lines (HEp-2, larynx cancer and(More)
Hepatocellular damage is thought to occur as a result of cytochrome P450-mediated oxidation of cocaine to norcocaine (NC), a precursor of the hepatotoxic nitrosonium ion. However, this damage occurs only in male mice, with females exhibiting minimal biochemical and histological signs of hepatocellular stress. The objective of this study was to determine the(More)
Bioavailability of a chemical absorbed through the skin from contaminated soil may differ from that seen following exposure to the pure chemical. The objective of this research was to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the absorption, distribution, excretion, and metabolism of soil-adsorbed m-xylene versus pure m-xylene so that the potential for public(More)