Rita M Sullivan

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Microinjections of noradrenaline (NA, 0.3, 3.0 and 30.0 micrograms) into the central amygdalar nucleus (CEA) produced dose-related attenuations of cold restraint (3 h at 4 degrees C) induced gastric ulcer formation in rats. On the other hand, stress ulcer aggravating effects were seen with beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, propranolol (10 micrograms) but not(More)
To investigate the molecular mechanisms of denervation-induced dopamine receptor supersensitivity, levels of striatal G-proteins were examined in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats. Increased levels of the alpha-subunits of Gs and G(olf), as measured by immunoblotting, were observed 8 days postlesion and remained elevated up to day 28 (25-45% over the(More)
Acute treatments with haloperidol (1 mg/kg), clozapine (10 mg/kg) and metoclopramide (10 mg/kg) significantly facilitated cold-restraint-induced gastric ulcer formation in rats. In addition, haloperidol and clozapine also produced gastric mucosal erosions in non-stressed rats. Bilateral lesions of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra also(More)
Bilateral microinjections of the opiate antagonist naloxone (0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 micrograms) into the central nucleus of the amygdala (CEA) produced a significant potentiation of cold restraint-induced gastric pathology in rats. The opiate agonist, beta-endorphin (0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 micrograms), on the other hand, inhibited stress ulcer formation in a(More)
The effects of buspirone hydrochloride were investigated on the formation of cold-immobilization gastric stress ulcers. Low doses significantly attenuated, while higher doses greatly potentiated gastric stress pathology. The dopamine antagonist haloperidol, and the agonist apomorphine respectively, reversed the buspirone effects. The role of dopamine in the(More)
Bilateral microinjections of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH; 1, 3 and 10 micrograms) into the central nucleus of the amygdala produced a dose-related aggravation of cold restraint-induced gastric ulcers in rats. TRH (10 micrograms) also induced gastric erosions in non-stressed animals. Pretreatment with atropine methyl nitrate attenuated the TRH-induced(More)
Bilateral microinjections of neurotensin (3, 10 and 30 micrograms) into the central amygdala had a dose-related attenuating effect on cold-restraint gastric ulcers in rats. Similar inhibitory effects were also observed with intra-amygdalar dopamine (3, 10 and 30 micrograms). Pretreatment with 6-hydroxydopamine (10 micrograms) or haloperidol (1 mg/kg),(More)
Studies are reviewed that indicate that the amygdala, and its temporal lobe pathways connecting it with entorhinal cortex and hippocampus, modulates the effects of stressful conditions on the development of gastric pathology. The amygdala integrates aversive stimulus conditions with the defensive behaviors and visceral reactions seen under such(More)
The effects of some adrenergic drugs were evaluated on cold restraint-induced gastric ulcers in rats. The beta-adrenergic antagonist, (+/-)-propranolol (1 and 10 mg/kg), as well as the beta-agonist, isoproterenol (0.05 and 0.5 mg/kg) potentiated the gastric pathology. On the other hand, the alpha-agonist, clonidine (0.5 mg/kg) attenuated and the(More)