Rita M Maalouf

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Oxidative stress contributes to diabetic cardiomyopathy. This study explored the role of the NADPH oxidase Nox4 as a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) involved in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Phosphorothioated antisense (AS) or sense (S) oligonucleotides for Nox4 were administered for 2 wk to rats made diabetic by streptozotocin. NADPH(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the role of cytochrome P450 of the 4A family (CYP4A), its metabolites, and NADPH oxidases both in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis of podocytes exposed to high glucose and in OVE26 mice, a model of type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Apoptosis, albuminuria, ROS generation, NADPH superoxide(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a major complication of diabetes, is characterized by hypertrophy, extracellular matrix accumulation, fibrosis and proteinuria leading to loss of renal function. Hypertrophy is a major factor inducing proximal tubular epithelial cells injury. However, the mechanisms leading to tubular injury is not well defined. In our study, we(More)
Since its discovery in 1988, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been recognized as a powerful cardiovascular biomarker for a number of disease states, specifically heart failure. Concurrent with such a discovery, much effort has been allocated to the precise monitoring of physiological BNP levels. Thus, it can be used to guide the therapy of heart failure(More)
RESULTS—Exposure of mouse podocytes to high glucose resulted in apoptosis, with approximately one-third of the cells being apoptotic by 72 h. High-glucose treatment increased ROS generation and was associated with sequential upregulation of CYP4A and an increase in 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20HETE) and Nox oxidases. This is consistent with the(More)
The synthesis of a series of novel 3,4-cis- and 3,4-trans-substituted carbocyclic nucleoside analogs from protected uracil and thymine is described. The key reaction in the followed synthetic protocols utilized the Mitsunobu reaction to couple 3,4-substituted cyclopentanols to (3)N-benzoyl uracil or (3)N-benzoyl thymine. These molecules were evaluated with(More)
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