Rita M De Vos

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Indirect evidence suggests a crucial role for the fibrinolytic system and its physiological triggers, tissue-type (t-PA) and urokinase-type (u-PA) plasminogen activator, in many proteolytic processes. Inactivation of the t-PA gene impairs clot lysis and inactivation of the u-PA gene results in occasional fibrin deposition. Mice with combined t-PA and u-PA(More)
The IkappaB kinase (IKK) subunit NEMO/IKKgamma is essential for activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB, which regulates cellular responses to inflammation. The function of NEMO in the adult liver remains elusive. Here we show that ablation of NEMO in liver parenchymal cells caused the spontaneous development of hepatocellular carcinoma in mice.(More)
The MAP3-kinase TGF-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) critically modulates innate and adaptive immune responses and connects cytokine stimulation with activation of inflammatory signaling pathways. Here, we report that conditional ablation of TAK1 in liver parenchymal cells (hepatocytes and cholangiocytes) causes hepatocyte dysplasia and early-onset(More)
A small animal model harboring a functional human liver cell xenograft would be a useful tool to study human liver cell biology, drug metabolism, and infections with hepatotropic viruses. Here we describe the repopulation, organization, and function of human hepatocytes in a mouse recipient and the infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C(More)
BACKGROUND Maintenance of normoglycaemia by use of insulin reduces morbidity and mortality of patients in surgical intensive care. Studies on mitochondrial function in critical illness or diabetes suggest that effects of intensive insulin therapy on mitochondrial integrity contribute to the clinical benefits. METHODS Enzyme activities of the(More)
BACKGROUND Severe duodeno-gastro-oesophageal reflux (DGOR) is a risk factor for oesophagitis and Barrett's oesophagus. Patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) have a slight increase in DGOR. Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), who are taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), still have reflux but of weakly acidic pH and persistence(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS/METHODS Since in rat experiments, activation of progenitor cells is seen in conditions associated with hepatocyte injury or inhibited replication, we compared the activation and fate of human putative progenitor cells in regenerating liver versus chronic cholestatic disease, using immunohistochemistry, rat oval cell marker OV6 and a panel of(More)
We have generated transgenic mice overexpressing the human P2X(1) ion channel in the megakaryocytic cell lineage. Platelets from transgenic mice exhibited a gain of P2X(1) ionotropic activity as determined by more prominent P2X(1)-mediated Ca(2+) influx and platelet shape change. P2X(1) overexpression enhanced platelet secretion and aggregation evoked by(More)
AIMS After their original recognition in the kidney, angiomyolipomas (AMLs) have been reported in the liver for more than 20 years. In the kidney, five cases of malignant AML have been reported. We report the first case of malignant hepatic AML. METHODS AND RESULTS A 70-year-old female patient presented with abdominal discomfort. Clinical examination(More)
The function of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in hemostasis was investigated in wild-type (WT) and Tsp1-/- mice, via dynamic platelet interaction studies with A23187-stimulated mesenteric endothelium and with photochemically injured cecum subendothelium. Injected calcein-labeled WT platelets tethered or firmly adhered to almost all A23187-stimulated blood(More)