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Renal length was measured from normal real-time sonograms of 203 pediatric patients and graphed to provide a "growth chart" of normal renal size vs. age. Mean renal lengths are reported for each year of age. For children older than 1 year, the regression equation is: renal length (cm) = 6.79 + 0.22 X age (years). For babies younger than 1 year, the equation(More)
The vessels that supply the basal ganglia and thalami are not normally conspicuous on the cranial sonograms of neonates. Twelve neonates with abnormally echogenic or "bright" vessels on cranial sonograms were studied. Records of these 12 patients were reviewed and were correlated with the neuropathologic findings available in four. The clinical diagnoses(More)
Renal growth and function were studied in a sixteen year old recipient of a renal transplant from a 16 month old cadaveric donor. Within one month, as measured by sequential inulin and creatinine clearances, glomerular filtration rate was 40 ml/min, which was more than 6 times the estimated pretransplant clearance. Ultrasound of the transplanted kidney(More)
Sonography was performed on five children, ages 1 day-9 years, who had classic infantile polycystic kidney disease and on one child who had glomerulocystic renal disease. Microcystic involvement of the kidneys in infantile polycystic kidney disease results in renal enlargement, increased echogenicity of renal parenchyma but good transmission of sound(More)
Ninety-six children with an irritable hip possibly representing septic arthritis underwent clinical and laboratory evaluation, radiography, and ultrasonography (US). Forty had normal US scans; none were later shown to have septic arthritis, although three had osteomyelitis. Fifty-six children had effusion at US. Thirty-one of these underwent US-guided(More)
Twenty-eight infants with jaundice were evaluated with ultrasound and radionuclide scans. Comparison of these studies with pathologic, surgical and clinical examinations demonstrated good correlation between ultrasonic and radionuclide studies. Ultrasound is an important preliminary study in the workup of such patients. Combined imaging provides the most(More)
The child with eosinophilic gastroenteritis has failure to thrive, a history of allergy or asthma, iron deficiency anemia, and peripheral eosinophilia. This type of eosinophilic gastroenteritis has earned the designation "allergic gastroenteropathy." Pathologic change in the gastric antrum of six children with this disease correlated with an abnormal(More)