Rita L. Cardoni

Learn More
In the neonates born to T. cruzi infected mothers, the diagnosis of the congenital transmission relays on the detection of the parasites and/or the specific antibodies non-transferred by their mothers, in the absence of blood transfusion and vectorial transmission. In the early stage, approximately until the 7th month of life, when maternal immunoglobulins(More)
BACKGROUND According to the Chagas congenital transmission guides, the diagnosis of infants, born to Trypanosoma cruzi infected mothers, relies on the detection of parasites by INP micromethod, and/or the persistence of T. cruzi specific antibody titers at 10-12 months of age. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Parasitemia levels were quantified by PCR in(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi induces inflammatory reactions in several tissues. The production of prostaglandin F2alpha, 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha and thromboxane B2, known to regulate the immune response and to participate in inflammatory reactions, was studied in mice experimentally infected with T. cruzi. The generation of nitric oxide (NO), which could be(More)
Resistance to acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection is mainly associated with a Th1 immune response, characterized by gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) production and activation of macrophages. The outcome of the Th1 response in the spleen and serum of BALB/c and C3H mice infected with T. cruzi, Tulahuén strain was studied. The levels of interleukin-12 p40 (IL-12(More)
In this work, we describe skeletal muscle, neuromuscular junction, nerve and spinal cord lesions in the mouse model system of Chagas' disease. Myositis was a common finding and Trypanosoma cruzi amastigote nests were frequently found in the muscle fibers. Angular atrophy, targetoid fibers, groups of atrophic fibers, fibrosis, myofiber necrosis and(More)
BACKGROUND Tacrolimus (Tac) has immunosuppressant properties similar to those of cyclosporine A (CsA), but it is more potent. At present, however, its immunosuppressive activity in renal transplant recipients with ongoing chronic rejection has not been clarified. METHODS We studied changes in kidney function, mixed lymphocyte culture, cell-mediated(More)
The aim of this study was to study the incidence of chronic renal dysfunction in patients with more than 5 yr of follow-up following liver transplantation and to evaluate the benefit of decreasing cyclosporine A (CsA) dose combined with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) on renal function and immune response in these patients. Between 1988 and 1994, 60 children(More)
The outcome of the kidney allograft mainly depends on the immune response and on its complex regulation, where the cytokine network and other mediators play an important role. At present, kidney biopsy is the most useful tool for monitoring the transplant rejection and the diagnosis of the associated nephropathies, in spite of the invasiveness of the(More)
Release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by cells from BALB/c mice was studied during the acute stage of the infection with 50 bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, Tulahuén strain. Production of ROS by spleen and peritoneal cells was evaluated by chemiluminescence using luminol as enhancer (CL-Lum). Three to four weeks after infection, CL-Lum response(More)
The humoral and cellular immune responses were studied in mice immunized with flagellar fraction (F), F plus Bordetella pertussis as adjuvant (F-Bp), and microsomal (Mc) subcellular fractions from the epimastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi. The immune response was studied before and after the challenge with 50 bloodstream forms of T. cruzi, Tulahuén(More)