Rita L. Cardoni

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Gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) production, the hallmark of the Th1 immune response, has been shown to play a central role in the resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi infections, in particular when produced in the very early acute infection. BALB/c mice infected with T. cruzi, Tulahuén strain, reach high parasitemias during the acute phase, and their spleen cells(More)
Resistance to acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection is mainly associated with a Th1 immune response, characterized by gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) production and activation of macrophages. The outcome of the Th1 response in the spleen and serum of BALB/c and C3H mice infected with T. cruzi, Tulahuén strain was studied. The levels of interleukin-12 p40 (IL-12(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi induces inflammatory reactions in several tissues. The production of prostaglandin F2alpha, 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha and thromboxane B2, known to regulate the immune response and to participate in inflammatory reactions, was studied in mice experimentally infected with T. cruzi. The generation of nitric oxide (NO), which could be(More)
The release of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI), mediators of inflammatory reactions, was evaluated in murine Trypanosoma cruzi infection. In acutely infected BALB/c mice, spleen cells were stimulated, either with epimastigote or trypomastigote forms of the parasite, and the effect was enhanced by serum from infected mice. Only opsonized parasites(More)
Release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by cells from BALB/c mice was studied during the acute stage of the infection with 50 bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, Tulahuén strain. Production of ROS by spleen and peritoneal cells was evaluated by chemiluminescence using luminol as enhancer (CL-Lum). Three to four weeks after infection, CL-Lum response(More)
BACKGROUND Tacrolimus (Tac) has immunosuppressant properties similar to those of cyclosporine A (CsA), but it is more potent. At present, however, its immunosuppressive activity in renal transplant recipients with ongoing chronic rejection has not been clarified. METHODS We studied changes in kidney function, mixed lymphocyte culture, cell-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND According to the Chagas congenital transmission guides, the diagnosis of infants, born to Trypanosoma cruzi infected mothers, relies on the detection of parasites by INP micromethod, and/or the persistence of T. cruzi specific antibody titers at 10-12 months of age. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Parasitemia levels were quantified by PCR in(More)
T lymphocytes provide a major line of defence against many protozoan parasites. The aim of this work was to determine the role of T-cell helper/inducer subset (T h/i) in the resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi in a murine model. The importance of natural killer (NK) cells in the resistance to the parasite was also evaluated. BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were(More)
In this work, we describe skeletal muscle, neuromuscular junction, nerve and spinal cord lesions in the mouse model system of Chagas' disease. Myositis was a common finding and Trypanosoma cruzi amastigote nests were frequently found in the muscle fibers. Angular atrophy, targetoid fibers, groups of atrophic fibers, fibrosis, myofiber necrosis and(More)
Mother-to-child transmission of intracellular parasites could be related to the production of immunoregulatory cytokines. The levels of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lnterleukin (IL)-10 were evaluated during pregnancy in sera of women chronically infected with Trypanosoma cruzi that delivered infected or(More)