Rita L. Cardoni

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Release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by cells from BALB/c mice was studied during the acute stage of the infection with 50 bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, Tulahuén strain. Production of ROS by spleen and peritoneal cells was evaluated by chemiluminescence using luminol as enhancer (CL-Lum). Three to four weeks after infection, CL-Lum response(More)
Resistance to acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection is mainly associated with a Th1 immune response, characterized by gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) production and activation of macrophages. The outcome of the Th1 response in the spleen and serum of BALB/c and C3H mice infected with T. cruzi, Tulahuén strain was studied. The levels of interleukin-12 p40 (IL-12(More)
Gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) production, the hallmark of the Th1 immune response, has been shown to play a central role in the resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi infections, in particular when produced in the very early acute infection. BALB/c mice infected with T. cruzi, Tulahuén strain, reach high parasitemias during the acute phase, and their spleen cells(More)
The humoral and cellular immune responses were studied in mice immunized with flagellar fraction (F), F plus Bordetella pertussis as adjuvant (F-Bp), and microsomal (Mc) subcellular fractions from the epimastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi. The immune response was studied before and after the challenge with 50 bloodstream forms of T. cruzi, Tulahuén(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi induces inflammatory reactions in several tissues. The production of prostaglandin F2alpha, 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha and thromboxane B2, known to regulate the immune response and to participate in inflammatory reactions, was studied in mice experimentally infected with T. cruzi. The generation of nitric oxide (NO), which could be(More)
The release of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI), mediators of inflammatory reactions, was evaluated in murine Trypanosoma cruzi infection. In acutely infected BALB/c mice, spleen cells were stimulated, either with epimastigote or trypomastigote forms of the parasite, and the effect was enhanced by serum from infected mice. Only opsonized parasites(More)
Cellular populations involved in resistance against T. cruzi infection were characterized from mice chronically infected with the parasite. Mice transfused with spleen cells (SC), nylon-wool-non-adherent spleen cells (NWNA) or sera from mice chronically infected with T. cruzi, showed an enhanced resistance against challenge with the parasite. The protective(More)
Human peripheral mononuclear cells were cytotoxic to antibody-sensitized Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes. The cytotoxic effect depended on the concentration of effector cells and antiserum, and was progressive until 17 hr of incubation at 28 degrees C. After 3 hr of incubation the highest specific activity was achieved at a 50:1 effector to target cell(More)
In this work, we describe skeletal muscle, neuromuscular junction, nerve and spinal cord lesions in the mouse model system of Chagas' disease. Myositis was a common finding and Trypanosoma cruzi amastigote nests were frequently found in the muscle fibers. Angular atrophy, targetoid fibers, groups of atrophic fibers, fibrosis, myofiber necrosis and(More)
T lymphocytes provide a major line of defence against many protozoan parasites. The aim of this work was to determine the role of T-cell helper/inducer subset (T h/i) in the resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi in a murine model. The importance of natural killer (NK) cells in the resistance to the parasite was also evaluated. BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were(More)