Learn More
BACKGROUND Diabetes teratogenicity seems to be related to embryonic oxidative stress and the extent of the embryonic damage can apparently be reduced by antioxidants. We have studied the mechanism by which antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, reduce diabetes-induced embryonic damage. We therefore compared the antioxidant capacity of 10.5-day-old rat(More)
Carnosine, homocarnosine, and anserine are present in high concentrations in the muscle and brain of many animals and humans. However, their exact function is not clear. The antioxidant activity of these compounds has been examined by testing their peroxyl radical-trapping ability at physiological concentrations. Carnosine, homocarnosine, anserine, and(More)
Although the atherogenic role of dietary cholesterol has been well established, its diabetogenic potential and associated metabolic disturbances have not been reported. Diet-induced hamster models of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia were employed to determine lipogenic and diabetogenic effects of dietary cholesterol. Metabolic studies were conducted in(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the etiology of numerous diseases and are suggested to be one of the mechanisms of action of several teratogens such as cocaine, high concentrations of glucose and ketone bodies. We studied the antioxidant capacity of 9.5-12.5 day old rat embryos and their yolk sacs both in vivo and in vitro. We measured the(More)
There is a growing interest in the mechanisms of how cells integrate the multitude of signals that emanate during inflammatory stimuli, such as the hepatic acute phase response to burn or trauma. We have used measurements of extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) of HepG2 cells cultured on microporous membranes to probe the coupling between signaling(More)
A disturbed embryonic antioxidant defense mechanism may play a major role in diabetes-induced teratogenesis. We therefore studied the antioxidant capacity of 10.5-day-old rat embryos and their yolk sacs after culture for 28 hr in vitro under diabetic conditions (3 mg/ml glucose, 2 mg/ml beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHOB) and 10 microg/ml of acetoacetate), as(More)
Sera from diabetic patients or sera with high levels of diabetic metabolic products, were found to affect mouse and rat blastocysts. In the present study we examined the earliest developmental stages at which human diabetic serum will be lethal to mouse pre-implantation embryos, and whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in these(More)
Modulation of mitochondrial function through inhibiting respiratory complex I activates a key sensor of cellular energy status, the 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Activation of AMPK results in the mobilization of nutrient uptake and catabolism for mitochondrial ATP generation to restore energy homeostasis. How these nutrient pathways are affected(More)
  • 1