Rita J Miller

Learn More
Attenuation coefficients of intercostal tissues were estimated from chest walls removed postmortem (pm) from 41 6-to-7-week-old female ICR mice and 27 10-to-11-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats. These values were determined from measurements through the intercostal tissues, from the surface of the skin to the parietal pleura. Mouse chest walls were sealed(More)
This study characterized the reparative responses in rat lung. Forty-five adult female rats were exposed at two sites over the left lung to 3.1-MHz superthreshold pulsed ultrasound. The repair of lung lesions was evaluated from 0 through 44 days postexposure. Macroscopic lesions at 0 days postexposure were large bright red ellipses of hemorrhage. By 1 and 3(More)
OBJECTIVE To translate quantitative ultrasound (QUS) from the laboratory into the clinic, it is necessary to demonstrate that the measurements are platform independent. Because the backscatter coefficient (BSC) is the fundamental estimate from which additional QUS estimates are calculated, agreement between BSC results using different systems must be(More)
Arterial injury resulting from the interaction of contrast agent (CA) with ultrasound (US) was studied in rabbit auricular arteries and assessed by histopathologic evaluation and s-thrombomodulin concentrations. Three sites on each artery were exposed (2.8 MHz, 5-min exposure duration, 10-Hz pulse repetition frequency, 1.4-mus pulse duration) using one of(More)
OBJECTIVES Quantitative ultrasound estimates such as the frequency-dependent backscatter coefficient (BSC) have the potential to enhance noninvasive tissue characterization and to identify tumors better than traditional B-mode imaging. Thus, investigating system independence of BSC estimates from multiple imaging platforms is important for assessing their(More)
Attenuation coefficient and propagation speed of intercostal tissues were estimated as functions of temperature (22, 30, and 37 degrees C) from fresh chest walls from eight 10- to 11-week-old female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, eight 21- to 24-week-old female Long-Evans (LE) rats, and ten 6- to 10-week-old mixed sex Yorkshire (York) pigs. The primary purpose(More)
Age-dependent threshold and superthreshold behavior of ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage were investigated with 116 2.1 +/- 0.3-kg neonate crossbred pigs (4.9 +/- 1.6 days old), 103 10 +/- 1.1-kg crossbred pigs (39 +/-5 days old), and 104 20+/-1.2-kg crossbred pigs (58 +/- 5 days old). Exposure conditions were: 3.1 MHz, 10-s exposure duration, 1-kHz pulse(More)
In a previous study [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108, 1290 (2000)] the acoustic impedance difference between intercostal tissue and lung was evaluated as a possible explanation for the enhanced lung damage with increased hydrostatic pressure, but the hydrostatic-pressure-dependent impedance difference alone could not explain the enhanced occurrence of hemorrhage.(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects more than 30% of Americans, and with increasing problems of obesity in the United States, NAFLD is poised to become an even more serious medical concern. At present, accurate classification of steatosis (fatty liver) represents a significant challenge. In this study, the use of high-frequency (8 to 25 MHz)(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown dietary magnesium (Mg) intake and serum Mg levels to be inversely correlated with the development of atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that low levels of Mg would promote atherosclerotic plaque development in rabbits. New Zealand white rabbits (4 months old, n = 22) were fed an atherogenic diet containing 0.12% (-Mg), 0.27%(More)