Rita Gravino

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BACKGROUND Increase of left atrial (LA) diameter in trained athletes has been regarded as another component of the "athlete's heart". AIMS To evaluate the possible impact of competitive training on LA volume and to define reference values of LA volume index in athletes. METHODS AND RESULTS Six hundred fifteen consecutive elite athletes (370 endurance-(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to define the range of left ventricular (LV) velocities and deformation indexes in highly trained athletes, analyzing potential differences induced by different long-term training protocols. METHODS Standard echocardiography, pulsed-wave tissue Doppler echocardiography, and two-dimensional strain echocardiography of(More)
Pediatric heart failure represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Currently, there are well-established guidelines for the management of heart failure in the adult population, but an equivalent consensus in children is lacking. In the clinical setting, ensuring an accurate diagnosis and defining etiology is essential to optimal(More)
OBJECTIVE In dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has been reported and attributed both to altered loading conditions and to RV involvement in the myopathic process. The aim of the study was to detect RV myocardial function in DCM using two-dimensional (2D) strain echocardiography and to assess the effects of cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVES To detect right ventricular myocardial function in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) using two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE) and to evaluate the relationship between right ventricular dysfunction and response to cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). METHODS Seventy-five DCM patients (44 idiopathic and 31 ischemic) without clinical signs(More)
AIMS To evaluate right atrial (RA) morphology and deformation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 130 patients with either idiopathic (n = 70) or ischaemic (n = 60) DCM, and 60 controls underwent clinical examination, standard echocardiography, and RA two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE). Six months(More)
AIMS To analyse right ventricular (RV) myocardial deformation in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy secondary to either hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) or athlete's competitive endurance training. METHODS AND RESULTS Standard Doppler echo, exercise stress echo, and 2D speckle-tracking strain echocardiography (2DSE) of RV longitudinal(More)
AIMS To evaluate whether quantification of the extent of scarred left ventricular (LV) tissue by speckle-tracking strain echo (2DSE) can predict response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-five patients (58.3 +/- 8.3 years; 24 males) with ischaemic DCM scheduled for(More)
BACKGROUND The right heart is a major determinant of prognosis in cardiac transplant recipient patients. AIM To investigate right ventricular morphology and function and their relationship with exercise capacity in cardiac transplant recipient patients using standard tranthoracic echocardiography and a new three-dimensional echocardiographic software(More)
Although cardiac adaptation to different sports has been extensively described, the potential effect of top-level training on the aortic root dimension remains not investigated fully. To explore the full range of aortic root diameters in athletes, 615 elite athletes (370 endurance-trained athletes and 245 strength-trained athletes; 410 men; mean age 28.4(More)