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BACKGROUND Improved understanding of the economic value of registered nurse services can help inform staffing decisions and policies. OBJECTIVES To quantify the economic value of professional nursing. METHODS We synthesize findings from the literature on the relationship between registered nurse staffing levels and nursing-sensitive patient outcomes in(More)
The objective was to estimate the economic costs of diagnosed type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 (T2DM) diabetes mellitus in the United States in 2007. Medical claims were analyzed to estimate the proportion of diagnosed diabetes cases and excess medical costs by diabetes type. Indirect costs associated with T1DM and T2DM were estimated by using findings from the(More)
Anesthesiologists and certified registered nurse anesthetists provide high-quality, efficacious anesthesia care to the U.S. population. This research and analyses indicate that CRNAs are less costly to train than anesthesiologists and have the potential for providing anesthesia care efficiently. Anesthesiologists and CRNAs can perform the same set of(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the measurement properties of the Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Impact Index (BII) for use in men with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) treated with tadalafil. METHODS Data from a dose-titration (Study 1) and a dose-finding placebo-controlled (Study 2) tadalafil studies of men 45 years(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of scheduled intermittent hospitalization on the hospital utilization, community adjustment, and self-esteem of persons with serious and persistent mental illness was examined in an experimental study. METHODS Fifty-seven male veterans, aged 65 or younger, with a primary axis I psychiatric diagnosis who were frequent utilizers of(More)
To establish the first-order factor structure of the Personality Research Form, a high school sample of 327 boys and a college sample of 215 men and women were administered Form AA. Principal component analyses were made, in both samples, of the 20 scales subdivided into two subsets. Nine factors were found to be equivalent in the college and high school(More)
A Web-based telecommunications system can prompt patients to adhere to medication and self-care regimens, and to record medically relevant information. Because the system extends patient contact with health care providers, it facilitates communication and feedback. The results of a 3-month pilot study on the use of the system with older patients diagnosed(More)
The equivalence of personality constructs measured by four rationally devised inventories watested by means of a factor analytic approach. The tests were administered to large high school and college samples. Separate analysis of each inventory were followed by analysis of pooled scales representing each factor found in any inventory. Twelve dimensions were(More)
The increase in relationship-centered professional practice models has expanded the interest in the measurement of caring. Using a cross-sectional descriptive study of 557 adults from 5 acute care institutions, a factor analysis and reliability statistics were used to revise the Caring Assessment Tool. Eight independent factors (mutual problem solving,(More)
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