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Pentraxins are a superfamily of conserved proteins that are characterized by a cyclic multimeric structure. The classical short pentraxins, C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP), are acute-phase proteins produced in the liver in response to inflammatory mediators. Short pentraxins regulate innate resistance to microbes and the(More)
Peripheral blood leukocytes from immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals were analyzed for human polyomarivus BK and JC DNA presence. A nested polymerase chain reaction which amplify the transcriptional control region of the genome of both viruses was employed. The immunocompromised patients included bone marrow transplantation recipients and AIDS(More)
Two forms of human polyomavirus JC (JCV) genome are known based upon the structure of the transcriptional control region (TCR) of the virus: the archetypal form, which is commonly detected in urine, and the rearranged form, which was first detected in brain tissue from progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) patients. The latter actually includes a(More)
MyD88 is an adaptor protein, which plays an essential role in the intracellular signaling elicited by IL-1R and several TLRs. Central to its function is the ability of its Toll/IL-1R translation initiation region (TIR) domain to heterodimerize with the receptor and to homodimerize with another MyD88 molecule to favor the recruitment of downstream signaling(More)
The present paper describes two immunoconjugates consisting of an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody (MAb), named Mint5, covalently linked to the type 1 ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) ocymoidine (Ocy) and pyramidatine (Pyra) from Saponaria ocymoides and Vaccaria pyramidata respectively. Both antibody and toxins are shown(More)
BACKGROUND There is much evidence that tumor cells elicit a humoral immune response in patients. In most cases, the presence of antibodies in peripheral blood is detected only in small proportion of patients with tumors overexpressing the corresponding antigen. In the present study, we analyzed the significance of local humoral response provided by(More)
The Pretargeted Antibody-Guided RadioImmunoTherapy (PAGRIT) method is based on intravenous, sequential administration of a biotinylated antibody, avidin/streptavidin and (90)Y-labelled biotin. The hybridoma clone producing the monoclonal antitenascin antibody BC4, previously used for clinical applications, was found not suitable for further development(More)
Avidin is a glycoprotein from hen egg white that binds biotin with very high affinity. Here we describe OXavidin, a product containing aldehyde groups, obtained by ligand-assisted sugar oxidation of avidin by sodium periodate. OXavidin chemically reacts with cellular and tissue proteins through Schiff's base formation thus residing in tissues for weeks(More)
BACKGROUND CEA is a tumor-associated antigen abundantly expressed on several cancer types, including those naturally refractory to chemotherapy. The selection and characterization of human anti-CEA single-chain antibody fragments (scFv) is a first step toward the construction of new anticancer monoclonal antibodies designed for optimal blood clearance and(More)
We recently reported that the oxidized avidin, named AvidinOX®, resides for weeks within injected tissues as a consequence of the formation of Schiff's bases between its aldehyde groups and tissue protein amino groups. We also showed, in a mouse pre-clinical model, the usefulness of AvidinOX for the delivery of radiolabeled biotin to inoperable tumors.(More)