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Pentraxins are a superfamily of conserved proteins that are characterized by a cyclic multimeric structure. The classical short pentraxins, C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP), are acute-phase proteins produced in the liver in response to inflammatory mediators. Short pentraxins regulate innate resistance to microbes and the(More)
Reactivation of latent human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) following allogeneic transplantation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and predisposes to severe complications, including superinfection by Aspergillus species (spp). Antimicrobial polypeptides, including defensins and mannan-binding lectin, are known to block viral fusion by cross-linking sugars(More)
The prototypic long pentraxin PTX3 is a unique fluid-phase pattern recognition receptor that plays a nonredundant role in innate immunity and female fertility. The PTX3 C-terminal domain is required for C1q recognition and complement activation and contains a single N-glycosylation site on Asn 220. In the present study, we characterized the structure of the(More)
MyD88 is an adaptor protein, which plays an essential role in the intracellular signaling elicited by IL-1R and several TLRs. Central to its function is the ability of its Toll/IL-1R translation initiation region (TIR) domain to heterodimerize with the receptor and to homodimerize with another MyD88 molecule to favor the recruitment of downstream signaling(More)
Murine antibodies which recognize the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-r) are good candidates for therapy and diagnosis of tumors overexpressing this receptor. Here we report the isolation of the variable regions from a murine monoclonal antibody anti-EGF-r (Mint5), the procedure to obtain the mouse/human chimeric antibody (chMint5) and its expression(More)
OBJECTIVE A fusion protein made of human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and erythropoietin (EPO), referred to as MEN 11303, has been tested for biologic activity using mobilized CD34(+) cells. METHODS AND RESULTS MEN 11303 and a combination of GM-CSF/EPO produced the same amount of colony-forming unit granulocyte-macrophage(More)
Ex vivo stroma-free static liquid cultures of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)/chemotherapy-mobilized CD34+ cells were established from patients with epithelial solid tumors. Different culture conditions were generated by adding G-CSF, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), Flt3 ligand (Flt3), megakaryocyte growth and(More)
The collectin pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an essential component of host resistance to pulmonary aspergillosis. Here we examined the protective effects of administration of PTX3 alone or together with deoxycholate amphotericin B (Fungizone) or liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) against invasive aspergillosis in a murine model of allogeneic bone marrow(More)
We describe the cloning and expression of a new cDNA from the filamentous fungus Aspergillus clavatus IFO 8605. This cDNA contains an open reading frame (ORF) that predicts a putative ribonuclease precursor with high similarity to the alpha-sarcin family of ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs). The cDNA encoding the mature protein was expressed in(More)
PTX3 is an acute phase glycoprotein that plays key roles in resistance to certain pathogens and in female fertility. PTX3 exerts its functions by interacting with a number of structurally unrelated molecules, a capacity that is likely to rely on its complex multimeric structure stabilized by interchain disulfide bonds. In this study, PAGE analyses performed(More)