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BACKGROUND Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) is the most common surgically remediable epileptic syndrome. Ablation of the cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) gene (PRNP) enhances neuronal excitability of the hippocampus in vitro and sensitivity to seizure in vivo, indicating that PrP(c) might be related to epilepsy. (More)
Hyperhomocysteinaemia has been regarded as a new modifiable risk factor for atherosclerosis and vascular disease. Homocysteine is a branch-point intermediate of methionine metabolism, which can be further metabolised via two alternative pathways: degraded irreversibly through the transsulphuration pathway or remethylated to methionine by the remethylation(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the interplay between serum concentrations of homocysteine, steroid hormones and vitamins B and mutations in 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, in association to Alzheimer's type dementia (ATD). DESIGN AND METHODS Case-control study including 19 individuals diagnosed with ATD and 36 healthy controls. Serum(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has commonly been described in psychiatric disorders. Although several studies have found positive associations between abnormal eating patterns during childhood and ADHD, there is a lack of studies on ADHD and Eating Disorders (ED). The aims of this exploratory study were 1) to assess the ADHD(More)
The European Space Agency mission SMOS was successfully launched on November 2nd, 2009. Its main objectives are the determination of Soil Moisture over land [1] and Sea Surface Salinity over the oceans [2], with an accuracy of 0.04 m3/m3 every 3 days with a spatial resolution of 50 km [3, R-4.6.1-002 to 004] at level 2, and 0.1 psu every 10 days with a(More)
BACKGROUND For geographical and recent historic reasons, Portugal is a gateway and home for immigration from sub-Saharan countries. Misconceptions related to these populations often lead to consider them as high-frequency clusters for dissemination of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Epidemiological evidence-based data is needed to elucidate these(More)
BACKGROUND Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is one of the main regulatory enzymes of homocysteine metabolism. Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is a major risk for cardiovascular disease. A common 677C-->T mutation in the MTHFR gene results in decreased enzymic activity, and contributes to increased plasma tHcy, in association with low(More)
The Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test has long been considered the best serological test for the diagnosis of neurosyphilis. The goal of this study was to find out if the Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) could be an alternative to the VDRL. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and sera samples from patients in the following stages of syphilis were tested: 8(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenic mechanism of homocysteine's effect on cardiovascular risk is poorly understood. Recent studies show that DNA hypomethylation induced by increases in S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy), an intermediate of Hcy metabolism and a potent inhibitor of methyltransferases, may be involved in homocysteine-related pathology. METHODS We(More)
The term epigenetics was first used to refer to the complex interactions between the genome and the environment that are involved in development and differentiation in higher organisms. Today, this term is used to refer to heritable alterations that are not due to changes in DNA sequence. Rather, epigenetic modifications, or tags, such as DNA methylation(More)