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Adequate recovery of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niches after cytotoxic conditioning regimens is essential to successful bone marrow transplantation. Yet, very little is known about the mechanisms that drive the restoration of these niches after bone marrow injury. Here we describe a profound disruption of the marrow microenvironment after lethal total(More)
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (AD-MSC) may offer efficient tools for cell-based gene therapy approaches. In this study, we evaluated whether AD-MSC could deliver proapoptotic molecules for cancer treatment. Human AD-MSCs were isolated and transduced with a retroviral vector encoding full-length human tumor necrosis factor-related(More)
The c-myb gene encodes a transcription factor required for proliferation, differentiation, and survival of hematopoietic cells. Expression of c-Myb is often increased in hematological malignancies, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We show here that c-Myb has a longer half-life (at least 2-fold) in BCR/ABL-expressing than in normal(More)
The B-MYB proto-oncogene is a transcription factor belonging to the MYB family that is frequently overexpressed or amplified in different types of human malignancies. While it is suspected that B-MYB plays a role in human cancer, there is still no direct evidence of its causative role. Looking for mutations of the B-MYB gene in human cell lines and primary(More)
Transplantation of whole bone marrow (BMT) leads to engraftment of both osteoprogenitor cells and hematopoietic cells; however, the robust osteopoietic chimerism seen early after BMT decreases with time. Using our established murine model, we demonstrate that a post-BMT regimen of either granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, growth hormone, parathyroid(More)
Human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) suppress proliferation and alloreactivity of T cells. Several signaling molecules and enzymes contribute to this effect. We focused on carbohydrate-protein interactions and investigated whether lectins are involved in immune modulation by MSC. Gene expression profiling of MSCs revealed that one of the most(More)
PURPOSE MDM2 is a key negative regulator of p53 activity, and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP309, T>G change; rs 2279744) in its promoter increases the affinity for the transcription factor SP1, enhancing MDM2 expression. We carried out a pilot study to investigate the effect of this polymorphism on development and behavior of neuroblastoma, an(More)
A tumor represents a complex structure containing malignant cells strictly coupled with a large variety of surrounding cells constituting the tumor stroma (TS). In recent years, the importance of TS for cancer initiation, development, local invasion and metastases has become increasingly clear allowing the identification of TS as one of the possible ways to(More)
Akt/PKB is a serine/threonine kinase that has attracted much attention because of its central role in regulating cell proliferation, survival, motility and angiogenesis. Activation of Akt in breast cancer portends aggressive tumour behaviour, resistance to hormone-, chemo-, and radiotherapy-induced apoptosis and it is correlated with decreased overall(More)
In metastatic cancer cells, the process of invasion is regulated by several transcription factors that induce changes required for migration and resistance to apoptosis. Slug (SNAI2, Snail2) is involved in epithelial mesenchymal transition in physiological and in pathological contexts. We show here that in embryonic kidney, colon carcinoma, chronic myeloid(More)