Rita Barone

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A 21-year-old right-handed man with definite diagnosis of aspartylglucosaminuria (AGU) presented with a 5-year history of progressive severe gait disturbance with frequent falls and generalized epileptic seizures triggered by unexpected stimuli. At one time, he was confined to a wheelchair because of the frequent falls. Electromyogram recording showed a(More)
BACKGROUND Following an acute brain ischemia, local endothelia allow monocyte chemoattraction into the lesion site which contributes to brain damage through a group of neurotoxic factors. A relationship exists between the extent of brain damage and the plasma level of monocyte products, including chitotriosidase, though usually strictly related to(More)
INTRODUCTION Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) represent a heterogeneous group of inheritable lysosomal storage diseases in which the accumulation of undegraded glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) leads to progressive damage of affected tissues. The typical symptoms include organomegaly, dysostosis multiplex, mental retardation and developmental delay. Definitive diagnosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of metabolic diseases due to defects in protein and lipid glycosylation. We searched for the primary defect in 3 children from 2 families with a severe neurological phenotype, including profound developmental delay, intractable epilepsy, progressive microcephaly, severe hypotonia with(More)
Gaucher disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disorder resulting from impaired activity of lysosomal beta-glucocerebrosidase. More than 60 mutations have been described in the GBA gene. They have been classified as lethal, severe, and mild on the basis of the corresponding phenotype. The fact that most GD patients are compound heterozygous and that most type(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are genetic diseases due to defective glycosylation of proteins and lipids. The authors present an update on these disorders affecting the central nervous system with a focus on cerebellar involvement. The rate of identification of novel CDG shows an exponential increase. Some 76 CDG are actually known, not taking(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C is a rare inherited cholesterol trafficking disorder, where impaired intracellular lipid transport leads to storage of unesterified cholesterol and glycosphingolipids in many tissues, including the brain. Substrate reduction therapy with miglustat, an iminosugar that inhibits glycosphingolipid synthesis, was proposed to treat(More)
Rett Syndrome is known to occur in females, around the second year, with loss of hand use, onset of stereotypes and acquired microcephaly. Such regression is often very rapid, but this has never been documented. In one of our patients, photographs taken at different times clearly demonstrate the rapid progression of first symptoms. Moreover, in the present(More)
Carbohydrate-deficient glycoconjugate (CDG) syndrome type I due to phosphomannomutase deficiency (CDGIA) is the most common among a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a defective glycosylation of glycoconjugates. Clinically it is a multisystem disease with an important involvement of the central nervous system including pontocerebellar atrophy.(More)