Rita Augustin

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AIMS This paper examines the prevalence of alcohol use, alcohol-related problems and onset of regular alcohol use, including its association with the prevalence of CAGE symptoms. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS Data come from three nationally representative samples of the non-institutionalized German general population aged 18-59 years which were conducted(More)
This review is a research update of recent literature related to childhood-onset schizophrenia (onset of psychotic symptoms by age 12 years). This subgroup of patients has attracted considerable research interest because patients with a childhood onset may represent a more homogeneous patient population in which to search for risk or etiologic factors. We(More)
AIMS Compared with surveys using self-administered questionnaires, telephone interviews generally yield higher coverage rates, have a lower proportion of missing values and result in fewer inconsistencies. Meta-analyses, however, show that responses to sensitive questions by telephone tend to be biased by social expectations. The aim of the study is to(More)
OBJECTIVES Estimates of opiate use are calculated for the years 1990/1991, 1995 and 2000 in order to explore the development of problem opiate use in Germany in the preceding decade. METHODS The estimates stem from multiplier methods which extrapolate from a sample (benchmark) of known drug users to the total population by multiplying the benchmark by an(More)
Distinct drinking habits are seen in the United States and Germany. Using 1995 national surveys, we examined alcohol consumption patterns, demographic correlates, and relationships between consumption and problems. Although differing in design (Germany: mail survey; United States: face-to-face interviews), both surveys shared measures that permitted(More)
AIMS The prevalence of cocaine use is still very low in Germany, but rates have been increasing over the past few decades. Patterns of drug consumption and related adverse consequences in individuals who have used cocaine were investigated in order to distinguish different types of cocaine users. METHODS Data come from two national representative surveys(More)
This paper investigates social inequalities in drinking behaviour in a sample of the German general population aged 25 to 59 years. The prevalence of several indicators of alcohol use and misuse were examined by socio-economic status (SES). Odds ratios were calculated to examine the relative effect of socio-economic status on the various alcohol misuse(More)
OBJECTIVES This paper will present the most recent estimates for problematic drug use in European Member States and explore the problems of comparability. METHODS Estimates of problematic drug use, derived according to agreed guidelines, were collected from all EU countries and Norway. Methods included multipliers based on treatment, police, mortality or(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous research in Germany identified a "north-south" gradient in the hazardous use of alcoholic drinks, but this had methodological limitations. The present study estimates the hazardous use of alcohol more reliably. In addition, regional differences in drinking style and their relation to indicators of problematic alcohol use are examined.(More)
TARGET To test the hypothesis that parameters of slot machine gambling behaviour and related treatment cases have been increasing heavily in the new Länder of Germany (after reunification). METHOD Data from the National Population Survey 2000 and from the EBIS Treatment Monitoring System (1998-2000) were compared with figures from previous analyses for(More)