Risto U Erkkola

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BACKGROUND Anal sphincter rupture is a serious complication of vaginal delivery and almost half the affected women have persistent defecatory symptoms despite adequate primary repair. During the past decade, the incidence of anal sphincter ruptures has been increasing in Sweden and is currently estimated to occur in 2.5% of vaginal deliveries. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND The EUropean Project on obstetric Haemorrhage Reduction: Attitudes, Trial, and Early warning System (EUPHRATES) is a set of five linked projects, the first component of which was a survey of policies for management of the third stage of labour and immediate management of postpartum haemorrhage following vaginal birth in Europe. OBJECTIVES The(More)
The Werner syndrome gene (WRN) encodes a novel helicase of 1,432 amino acids. Homozygous mutations, all of which result in the truncation of the protein, lead to Werner syndrome. However, little is known about the role of WRN in "normal" aging. We have identified four missense polymorphisms and four conservative polymorphsims in WRN gene. A single study(More)
BACKGROUND Advantages and disadvantages of postmenopausal oestrogen replacement therapy (ERT) are still not clear. We aimed to analyse the relation between postmenopausal oestrogen replacement therapy (ERT), cardiovascular disease, and cancer. METHODS We examined 7944 women born between 1923 and 1930, who participated in a mammography screening for breast(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare ospemifene and raloxifene regarding their effects on hormones, lipids, genital tract, and tolerability in postmenopausal women. DESIGN A randomized, double-blind study in which 118 healthy postmenopausal women received 30 (n = 29), 60 (n = 30), or 90 mg (n = 30) of ospemifene or 60 mg (n = 29) of raloxifene for 3 months. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of short-term progestogen treatment on androgen, gonadotropin, and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels in oligomenorrheic women. DESIGN Comparative study of changes in hormonal parameters in patients with or without ultrasonographically diagnosed polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD). SETTING Open patient clinic of(More)
BACKGROUND In mouse models of diabetes, prophylactic administration of insulin reduced incidence of the disease. We investigated whether administration of nasal insulin decreased the incidence of type 1 diabetes, in children with HLA genotypes and autoantibodies increasing the risk of the disease. METHODS At three university hospitals in Turku, Oulu, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance is a common feature of both polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM); however, the persistent reproductive disturbances appear to be limited to the former, suggesting that insulin resistance in the ovary itself may confer this susceptibility. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING(More)