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BACKGROUND Advantages and disadvantages of postmenopausal oestrogen replacement therapy (ERT) are still not clear. We aimed to analyse the relation between postmenopausal oestrogen replacement therapy (ERT), cardiovascular disease, and cancer. METHODS We examined 7944 women born between 1923 and 1930, who participated in a mammography screening for breast(More)
BACKGROUND Anal sphincter rupture is a serious complication of vaginal delivery and almost half the affected women have persistent defecatory symptoms despite adequate primary repair. During the past decade, the incidence of anal sphincter ruptures has been increasing in Sweden and is currently estimated to occur in 2.5% of vaginal deliveries. The aim of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of different types of nocturnal breathing abnormalities in postmenopausal women and the effect of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) on nocturnal breathing. METHODS A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study was completed by 62 of 71 recruited healthy women. The first 3-month treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of insulin-receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and -2 in ovary dysfunction in women with insulin resistance. DESIGN Immunoblotting and immunohistochemical analyses of the localization and staining intensity of IRS-1 and IRS-2 in the ovaries of women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and gestational diabetes mellitus. (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of estrogen replacement therapy on cognitive functioning. METHODS The study consisted of two 3-month treatment periods, one with estrogen and one with the placebo, in random order, separated by a 1-month wash-out period. The study group comprised 70 healthy postmenopausal women, aged 47-65 years, with previous(More)
OBJECTIVE Postmenopausal phase expresses many unfavourable physiological changes that lead to increased risk for cardiovascular disease. We compared the effect of two sympatholytic antihypertensive drug treatments, the centrally acting imidazoline receptor-1 agonist moxonidine and peripherally acting beta-blocking agent atenolol on sensitive inflammatory(More)
Vasopressin (AVP) concentration was measured by radioimmunoassay from unextracted plasma of nonpregnant women and during first and third trimester of pregnancy. In nonpregnant state it was 3.5 +/- 0.6 pg/ml, in first trimester 4.3 +/- 1.8 pg/ml, but in third trimester 6.5 +/- 0.4 pg/ml and significantly (p less than 0.001) higher than in nonpregnant state.(More)
The aim of the study was to determine if abnormal flow velocity waveforms in the uterine artery are associated with altered frequency-specific fetal heart rate variability (HRV). Fetuses in the last third of gestation were studied. In seven fetuses the pulsatility index (PI) of the blood flow velocity waveform in the uterine artery was increased (Group II),(More)