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PURPOSE Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is rare skin cancer that is often associated with Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) infection. Polyomaviruses repress tumor suppressor proteins, thus influencing cell-cycle progression, but the effect of MCPyV on the key cell-cycle regulating proteins is poorly understood. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We evaluated expression of(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of meningiomatosis and schwannomatosis, and their familial occurrences and relation to type 2 neurofibromatosis (NF2) in a well-defined population. METHODS Patients with histologically verified intracranial, spinal, or peripheral schwannomas or meningiomas, who were residents of the Helsinki University Hospital(More)
Between 1953 and 1980, a total of 935 patients underwent surgery for intracranial meningioma in the Department of Neurosurgery of the Helsinki University Hospital. The patients were followed up until death or the end of the year 1987. The cumulative observed survival rate was 91% at 3 months, 89% at 1 year, and 63% at 15 years. The relative survival rate,(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer treatment may affect school performance. Scholastic achievements after childhood brain tumors have not been previously reported on the level of actual grades. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with brain tumor (n = 300) were identified from the Finnish Cancer Registry. Population controls (n = 1,473) were matched for age, gender, and place(More)
BACKGROUND Immunosuppression and Merkel-cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) infection may have a role in the pathogenesis of Merkel-cell carcinoma (MCC), a rare neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. METHODS We studied incidence of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and MCC from the files of the Finnish Cancer Registry and the largest hospital of Finland, Helsinki(More)
Cancer incidence was studied among 3072 first-degree relatives of 559 unselected ovarian cancer patients. Among cohort members there were 306 cancer cases. The overall cancer incidence was not increased: the standardised incidence ratio (SIR) in males was 0.9 (95% confidence interval 0.8-1.1) and in females 1.0 (0.8-1.1). The female relatives had a(More)
Are spinal schwannomas as benign as we think? To what extent do patients recover? Are patients prone to develop late complications such as cystic myelopathy or symptomatic spinal deformity? Is their life expectancy compromised? In an effort to answer these questions, the authors analyzed the long-term outcome for 187 patients from one neurosurgical(More)
Spinal neurofibromas are uncommon, comprising approximately 3% of all spinal tumors. They occur both sporadically and in association with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1; von Recklinghausen's disease). This study presents the clinical characteristics of 32 patients who underwent surgery for symptomatic spinal neurofibromas. Twenty-two of these patients showed(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies of the families of patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), a recessive genetic neurologic disorder caused by mutation of the ATM gene, suggest that heterozygous carriers of an ATM mutation are at increased risk of cancer. A population-based study of cancer incidence in A-T families with unbiased selection and tracing of(More)
OBJECTIVE Long-term follow-up studies in patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) have been scarce and without proper statistical estimates of mortality. We performed a retrospective survival study in 623 consecutive patients with AVMs admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery in Helsinki University Hospital between 1951 and 2005. METHODS(More)