Risto Puolakka

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Major complications after spinal or epidural anesthesia are extremely rare. The occurrence of less serious and transient sequelae and complaints may be underestimated if there is no established organization for the systematic and continuous surveillance of patients after anesthesia. This study was designed to evaluate the possible(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The combined spinal and epidural (CSE) technique can reduce or eliminate some of the disadvantages of spinal and epidural anesthesia, while still preserving their advantages. CSE anesthesia is now commonly performed with a single-segment needle-through-needle technique; however, this technique involves some controversies about(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Previous studies have shown the vulnerability of the tips of cutting type thin spinal needles and the possibility of foreign material passing into the subarachnoid space during the lumbar puncture. We made a microscopic analysis to compare two commonly used noncutting pencil-point spinal needles with different tip designs. Needles(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The use of thin single-hole pencil-point (SHPP) spinal needles may be a reason for subarachnoid maldistribution of local anesthetic. A new double-hole pencil-point (DHPP) needle may be preferable because of a theoretic more uniform initial distribution of local anesthetic. METHODS This was a prospective, double-blinded study of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The tips of the bevels of thin spinal needles may be easily damaged by bony contact during puncture attempts. In this respect and also because they are less traumatic by design, noncutting, pencil-point-tip needles may be beneficial. A prospective clinical comparison of postanesthetic effects of the use of 27G Quincke-type and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Continuous spinal anesthesia (CSA) with microcatheters may be complicated because of technical problems. In elderly patients, some of the problems may be solved by using thicker catheters. A recent invention, involving a catheter-over-needle system, may prevent leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and may also improve the(More)
  • 1