Risto K. Huupponen

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The role of gonadotropins, androgens, and insulin in the regulation of circulating leptin levels is obscure. In order to clarify the relationships of these parameters we studied serum leptin levels in 19 healthy control subjects and in 35 hyperandrogenic and hyperinsulinemic patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Serum leptin concentrations did not(More)
BACKGROUND The serum anticholinergic activity (SAA) assay has been used to quantify patients' anticholinergic load. In addition, several ranked lists of anticholinergic drugs have been developed to assess anticholinergic drug burden. OBJECTIVE This study investigated whether SAA assay results and scores from three ranked lists of anticholinergic drugs(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of asthma and obesity is increasing concomitantly, but many aspects of this link are unclear. Our objective was to examine whether obesity is associated with asthma in three time points of life, and whether immunomodulatory adipokines, leptin and adiponectin are linked to overweight-associated asthma. METHODS We studied the(More)
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is an inflammation-inducible endothelial glycoprotein which mediates leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. To study the pathogenetic significance of VAP-1 in inflammatory disorders, an in vivo immunodetection method was used to detect the regulation of luminally expressed VAP-1 in experimental skin and joint(More)
To elucidate the role of adipose tissue glucose uptake in whole-body metabolism, sc and visceral adipose tissue glucose uptake and perfusion were measured in 10 nonobese and 10 age-matched obese men with positron emission tomography using [(18)F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose, and [(15)O]-labeled water during normoglycemic hyperinsulinemia. Whole-body and(More)
Objective: Drug interactions may lead to life-threatening injuries. More often, however, they lead to slow recovery, induce slight symptoms or result only in potential injury. Therefore, clinicians are not always aware of using potentially interacting drug combinations. An on-line alarming system of potential drug interactions was developed in Turku(More)
CONTEXT Limited information exists on the interaction between diet and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) and the interaction's effect on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels, insulin sensitivity, and circulating antioxidant vitamin and provitamin levels. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the separate and combined effects of diet and(More)
To determine the lumped constant (LC), which accounts for the differences in the transport and phosphorylation between [18F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ([18F]FDG) and glucose, for [18F]FDG in human adipose tissue. [18F]FDG-PET was combined with microdialysis. Seven non-obese (29 ± 2 years of age, BMI 24 ± 1 kg/m2) and seven obese (age 32 ± 2 years of age,(More)
The in vivo inhibitory effect of five beta-adrenoceptor antagonists and levomepromazine on debrisoquine metabolism was assessed in 37 subjects. The debrisoquine phenotyping test was performed before and after 7 days' treatment with oxprenolol (40 mg three times daily), propranolol (20 mg three times daily), timolol (10 mg twice daily), pindolol (5 mg twice(More)
The integrative mechanisms of autonomic dysfunction in congestive heart failure (CHF) remain poorly understood. We sought to study cardiac retention of [11C]hydroxyephedrine (HED), a specific tracer for sympathetic presynaptic innervation, and its functional correlates in CHF. Thirty patients with mild to moderate heart failure underwent resting cardiac HED(More)