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Our study was designed to assess the fecal and urinary excretion of 3 aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) metabolites, aflatoxins M1 (AFM1) and Q1 (AFQ1) and aflatoxin B1-N7-guanine (AFB-N7-guanine) that are produced by the predominant forms of cytochrome P450 enzymes responsible for the biotransformation of AFB1. Fecal and urinary AFM1, AFQ1 and urinary AFB-N7-guanine(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Interaction between CYP2E1, ethanol metabolites, and enhanced lipid peroxidation is linked to the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease. This study was conducted to compare the expression of various cytochrome enzymes and the appearance of aldehyde adducts in humans. METHODS Acetaldehyde- and lipid peroxidation-derived protein adducts(More)
1. We have shown earlier that pilocarpine strongly inhibits mouse and human liver coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity of CYP 2A and pentoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity of CYP 2B in vitro. Since pilocarpine, like coumarin, contains a lactone structure we have studied in more detail its inhibitory potency on mouse and human liver coumarin 7-hydroxylation. 2.(More)
Currently, there are no selective, well characterized inhibitors for CYP2A6. Therefore, the effects of trans-(+/-)-2-phenylcyclopropylamine (tranylcypromine), a potent CYP2A6 inhibitor, on human liver microsomal cytochromes P450 (CYP) were studied to elucidate its selectivity. The IC50 value of tranylcypromine in coumarin 7-hydroxylation (CYP2A6 model(More)
The prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) family of serine proteases includes prolyl oligopeptidase, dipeptidyl peptidase IV, acylaminoacyl peptidase and oligopeptidase B. The enzymes of this family specifically hydrolyze oligopeptides with less than 30 amino acids. Many of the POP family enzymes have evoked pharmaceutical interest as they have roles in the(More)
The probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is able to bind the potent hepatocarcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and thus potentially restrict its rapid absorption from the intestine. In this study we investigated the potential of GG to reduce AFB1 availability in vitro in Caco-2 cells adapted to express cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 3A4, such that both transport and(More)
Photodegradation and low bioavailability are major hurdles for the therapeutic use of curcumin. Aim of the present study was to formulate transferrin-mediated solid lipid nanoparticles (Tf-C-SLN) to increase photostability, and enhance its anticancer activity against MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Tf-C-SLN were prepared by homogenization method and(More)
Pyrazole, cobalt and phenobarbital increase the activity of coumarin 7-hydroxylase (COH) in mouse liver. To study the mechanism of this increase, we measured the expression of the cytochrome P-450 2a-4/5 (Cyp2a-4/5) complex, which mediates testosterone 15 alpha-hydroxylase and COH activities, as a function of dose and time after the treatment of C57BL/6(More)
The compulsive nature of tobacco use is attributable to nicotine addiction. Nicotine is eliminated by metabolism through the cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) enzyme in liver. Inhibition of CYP2A6 by chemical compounds may represent a potential supplement to anti-smoking therapy. The purpose of this study was to rationally design potent inhibitors of CYP2A6.(More)
We have cloned a cDNA encoding mouse steroid 7 alpha-hydroxylase P450(7) alpha (cytochrome P-450(7) alpha) and expressed it in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mouse P450(7) alpha is 70% identical in its amino acid sequence with the mouse steroid 15 alpha-hydroxylase P450(15) alpha (2A4). The Leu at position 209 of P450(15) alpha is the most important residue to(More)