Risto Jaatinen

Learn More
Growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) is a transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b) family member which is expressed in the oocytes in mouse ovaries (McGrath, S.A., Esquela, A.F., Lee, S.J., 1995. Oocyte-specific expression of growth/differentiation factor-9. Mol. Endocrinol. 9, 131-136). GDF-9 is indispensable for normal folliculogenesis since female mice(More)
Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF-9) is a transforming growth factor-beta family member that is required for normal folliculogenesis in female mice, but its role as a regulator of human fertility is still unclear. We determined here by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analyses the localization of the GDF-9 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)(More)
Ectodermal organogenesis is regulated by inductive and reciprocal signalling cascades that involve multiple signal molecules in several conserved families. Ectodysplasin-A (Eda), a tumour necrosis factor-like signalling molecule, and its receptor Edar are required for the development of a number of ectodermal organs in vertebrates. In mice, lack of Eda(More)
The DNA sequence of the flocculation gene FLO1 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is located on chromosome I (Watari et al., 1989) was determined. The sequence contains a large open reading frame (ORF) of 2586 bp and codes for a protein of 862 amino acids. However, further study (genomic Southern and polymerase chain reaction analyses) indicated that the(More)
Organs developing as ectodermal appendages share similar early morphogenesis and molecular mechanisms. Ectodysplasin, a signaling molecule belonging to the tumor necrosis factor family, and its receptor Edar are required for normal development of several ectodermal organs in humans and mice. We have overexpressed two splice forms of ectodysplasin, Eda-A1(More)
Organs developing as appendages of the ectoderm are initiated from epithelial thickenings called placodes. Their formation is regulated by interactions between the ectoderm and underlying mesenchyme, and several signalling molecules have been implicated as activators or inhibitors of placode formation. Ectodysplasin (Eda) is a unique signalling molecule in(More)
During the human menstrual cycle the circulating levels of inhibin B, a dimer of inhibin alpha- and beta(B)-subunits, fluctuate in a fashion distinct from that of inhibin A, the alpha-beta(A)-subunit dimer. This suggests that human inhibin subunits are each regulated in a distinct manner in human ovarian granulosa cells by endocrine and local factors. We(More)
Although targeted gene disruption of GDF-9, an oocyte derived growth factor, leads to an arrest of folliculogenesis and causes infertility in female mice, little is known on the expression of GDF-9 protein in the ovary. We show that GDF-9 protein is expressed in rat oocytes during folliculogenesis from the early primary follicle stage onwards but the most(More)
Three monoclonal antibodies, termed 4E10, 1E11:10, and 2D9:1, were generated against rubella virus. Immunoblot analysis with purified authentic rubella virus or recombinant baculovirus-expressed rubella virus structural proteins E1, E2, and C demonstrated that they were directed against the E1 envelope glycoprotein of the rubella virus particle. By using(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) belong structurally to the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily comprising several growth and differentiation factors such as inhibin, activin, and Müllerian inhibitory factor that regulate ovarian function. We studied here the potential expression of BMP-2, -3, and -4 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in isolated human(More)