Risto Cukalevski

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The aggregation of the amyloid beta peptide, Aβ42, implicated in Alzheimer's disease, is characterized by a lag phase followed by a rapid growth phase. Conventional methods to study this reaction are not sensitive to events taking place early in the lag phase promoting the assumption that only monomeric or oligomeric species are present at early stages and(More)
Alzheimer's disease involves progressive neuronal loss. Linked to the disease is the amyloid β (Aβ) peptide, a 38-43-amino acid peptide found in extracellular amyloid plaques in the brain. Cyclodextrins are nontoxic, cone-shaped oligosaccharides with a hydrophilic exterior and a hydrophobic cavity making them suitable hosts for aromatic guest molecules in(More)
Nanoparticles are widely used in the pharmaceutical and food industries, but the consequences of exposure to the human body have not been thoroughly investigated. Apolipoprotein A-I (apoAI), the major protein in high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and other lipoproteins are found in the corona around many nanoparticles, but data on protein structural and(More)
Aggregation of the amyloid β-protein (Aβ) is believed to be involved in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. Here we have investigated the importance of the aromatic rings at positions 19 and 20 for the aggregation rate and mechanism by substituting phenylalanine with leucine. Aggregation kinetics were monitored as a function of time and peptide concentration(More)
BACKGROUND Self-assembled mannan nanogels are designed to provide a therapeutic or vaccine delivery platform based on the bioactive properties of mannan to target mannose receptor expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells, combined with the performance of nanogels as carriers of biologically active agents. METHODS Proteins in the corona around(More)
Misfolding and aggregation of amyloid β (Aβ) are key features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, but the molecular events controlling this process are not known in detail. In vivo, Aβ aggregation and plaque formation occur in the interstitial fluid of the brain extracellular matrix. This fluid communicates freely with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Here,(More)
The reaction kinetics for a number of reductive openings of methyl 2,3-di-O-benzyl-4,6-O-benzylidene-alpha-D-glucopyranoside have been investigated. Openings to give free HO-6 (using BH(3) x THF-AlCl(3)-THF or LiAlH(4)-AlCl(3)-Et(2)O) follow first order kinetics, while reactions yielding free HO-4 (using BH(3) x NMe(3)-AlCl(3)-THF or BH(3) x NMe(3)-BF(3) x(More)
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