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As physicians attempt to improve the quality of health care, one area of particular concern has been preventable medical errors from adverse drug interactions. The cytochrome P450 family of enzymes has been implicated in a large number of these preventable, adverse drug interactions. This report reviews the basic biochemistry and pharmacogenomics underlying(More)
INTRODUCTION Preventing the occurrence of hospital readmissions is needed to improve quality of care and foster population health across the care continuum. Hospitals are being held accountable for improving transitions of care to avert unnecessary readmissions. Advocate Health Care in Chicago and Cerner (ACC) collaborated to develop all-cause, 30-day(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite the growing problems of emergency department (ED) crowding, the potential impact on the frequency of medication errors occurring in the ED is uncertain. Using a metric to measure ED crowding in real time (the Emergency Department Work Index, or EDWIN, score), we sought to prospectively measure the correlation between the degree of(More)
BACKGROUND Although previous studies have examined the cost effectiveness of emergency department thoracotomy (EDT), provider risk has not been included in these analyses. This study examined the costs associated with provider exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis from percutaneous injury during EDT. METHODS A decision tree(More)
To cite: Sikka R, Morath JM, Leape L. BMJ Qual Saf 2015;24:608–610. In 2008, Donald Berwick and colleagues provided a framework for the delivery of high value care in the USA, the Triple Aim, that is centred around three overarching goals: improving the individual experience of care; improving the health of populations; and reducing the per capita cost of(More)
OBJECTIVE We measured the correlation between emergency department (ED) occupancy rate and time to antibiotic administration for patients with pneumonia treated in a community hospital setting. METHODS We reviewed quality improvement data on patients treated for pneumonia in our ED and admitted over a 5-month period. The outcomes were timeliness of(More)
The changing demographics of America's population over the past couple of decades have propelled geriatric medicine into the fore-front. Due to this, emergency medicine physicians will face numerous challenges managing an increasing number of critically ill elderly patients. This article will focus on success of resuscitation in this population, important(More)
One of the latest market-based solutions to the rising costs and quality gaps in health care is pay for performance. Pay for performance is the use of financial incentives to promote the delivery of designated standards of care. Pay for performance represents a dramatic change in the reimbursement of providers, from fixed rates or fees, to variable(More)
BACKGROUND A Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) pneumonia quality measures with particular impact on the emergency department (ED) is blood cultures prior to antibiotic administration for patients admitted with pneumonia. A study was conducted to measure the impact of an automated dispensing cabinet (ADC) alert on improving compliance with the(More)